Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects


Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Overview


Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) other names: Chrysanthème Insecticide, Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, Dalmation Insect Flowers, Dalmation Pellitory, Pelitre, Piretro, Pyrèthre, Pyrèthre de Dalmatie, Pyrethrum cinerariifolium, Tanacetum cinerariifolium.

Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) flower


Pyrethrum is a perennial herb that grows up to a height of anything between 30 cm and 75 cm (12 inches to 30 inches) having lean stems that are covered with hair and grows deep green leaves that are profoundly slit open and separated into seven different sections. The pyrethrum herb produces a single, white flower that has resemblance to daisy in appearance between early summer and early autumn.

Pyrethrum is native to Yugoslavia and Albania and belongs to the gorgeous daisy family and is extensively cultivated for its attractive flowers that produce one of the finest natural pesticides available. Pyrethrum is also widely grown in gardens mostly as a decorative plant and it creates a luxuriant knoll with lacey, green undergrowth. The herb bears numerous solitary, yellow-eyed, white daises in bunches during the period between summer and the fall. Pyrethrum is a hardy plant that is able to withstand harsh cold weather up to 10° F. Pyrethrum is a beautiful plant that can be grown in any kind of soil in the gardens. However, when the pyrethrum is cultivated in inferior and dry soil, it creates the utmost concentration of insecticides. When the leaves and flowers are massaged on the skin, they help to keep away from insect bites.

It is interesting to note that the Persians were the first to find out and ascertain that an associated species of pyrethrum flowers possessed the characteristics of exterminating insects. Afterward it was discovered that the pyrethrum herb was even more effectual as an insecticide and presently it has turned out to be among the most popular, natural insect killers to control insects invading the outdoor as well as indoor plants. The vigorous chemicals present in pyrethrum are known as pyrethrins and these are considered to be deadly for the nervous system of the insects.

Pyrethrum herb is indigenous to the coastal regions of Yugoslavia and the islands of the country. In fact, the pyrethrum thrives best in chalk-like or rock-strewn shores, but it also grows in the interior hilly regions where the land is dry and stony. Presently, pyrethrum is commercially grown in countries such as South Africa, Japan and California.


Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Health Benefits

Pyrethrum is a plant (Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium). Pyrethrum is also the name of the crude extract obtained from flowers of this plant.

Pyrethrum is an effective natural insecticide. The pyrethrum is used to produce effectual pesticides to control head lice and crab lice plagues.

Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) plant


Be careful not to confuse pyrethrum with pyrethrin. Pyrethrin refers to a more refined extract of pyrethrum. Pyrethrin is in body lice medicines such as A-200 Pyrinate, Barc, Lice-Enz, Licetrol, Pronto, R and C, RID, Tisit, Tisit Blue, and Triple X.

People apply pyrethrum directly to the skin as an insecticide, particularly for head lice, crab lice and their nits, and mites (scabies).


Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Side effects


The commercially available combination of pyrethrins (0.17-0.33%) and piperonyl butoxide (2-4%) seems to be safe when applied to the skin in a nonaerosol product.

Pyrethrum is possibly safe when used on the skin in amounts less than 2 grams. While pyrethrum has limited toxicity at low doses, it can cause some side effects such as headache, ringing of the ears, nausea, tingling of fingers and toes, breathing problems, and other nervous system problems.

Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum Cinerariifolium) picture


Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of pyrethrum during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Children: It’s unsafe to put pyrethrum on children less than two years old.

Asthma: Exposure to pyrethrin might make asthma worse. Avoid using pyrethrum or pyrethrin products if you have asthma.

Allergy to ragweed and related plants: The pyrethrum flower or pyrethrin extracted from it may cause an allergic reaction in people who are sensitive to the Asteraceae/Compositae family. Members of this family include ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, daisies, and many others. If you have allergies, be sure to check with your healthcare provider before using pyrethrum.