Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects


Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Overview


Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) other names: Blue Vervain, Common Verbena, Common Vervain, Eisenkraut, Enchanter's Plant, European Vervain, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Herba Verbenae, Herbe aux Enchantements, Herbe du Foie, Herbe Sacrée, Herbe aux Sorciers, Herbe à Tous les Maux, Herbe du Sang, Herbe de Vénus, Holywort, Juno's Tears, Ma Bian Cao, Pigeon's Grass, Pigeonweed, Simpler's Joy, Turkey Grass, Veine de Vénus, Verbenae Herba, Verbena officinalis, Vervain, Verveine, Verveine Commune, Verveine des Champs, Verveine Officinale, Yerba de Santa Ana.

Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) picture


The ancient Romans held all species of the vervain in admiration and used the ‘sacred' herb to sanitize their homes and temples. In addition, they knew several therapeutic advantages of vervain and used it to treat numerous disorders. Incidentally, despite its multi-purpose use, the vervain is a commonly growing herb that does not appear to be different from many other plants. In ancient times, remedies prepared with vervain were often used to cure snakebite and diarrhea. At the same time, the root of vervain was chewed by people with a view to strengthen their teeth and gums. Interestingly, vervain served to diverse purposes - a love potion for the medieval witches and a substance to cure people from the influence of the ominous spell cast by these witches. In fact, vervain also finds place in the Christian holy scripts as the herb that was used to stop bleeding from Jesus Christ's wounds on Calvary - a mountainous terrain near Jerusalem. Therefore, vervain is also regarded as the ‘herb-of-the-cross' by the Christians as well as others.

In fact, over the years, the therapeutic properties of vervain have made the herbalists as well as the common people to regard the herb as an effective cure for almost all diseases or disorders. For instance, in the ancient times the herbal medicine practitioners often recommend the herb to treat ailments such as colds, apparent nervous problems, fevers, and gout as well as skin infections. Even today, many herbalists prescribe vervain tea as a stimulant, astringent, diuretic and diaphoretic to alleviate fever by encouraging sweating. In addition, vervain is still considered to be an effective sedative or tranquilizer, anti-spasmodic that reduces cramps and muscle pains and an aphrodisiac for arousing sexual desire. Finally, vervain is an excellent stimulant or tonic that helps to calm down nerves and soothe anxiety.

Vervain, scientifically known as Verbena officinalis, was brought from Europe to North America by the Puritans. Currently, the herb is common in North America like the continent's native species American Verbena. In fact, a family member of the American Verbena is also thought to possess therapeutic features.

As mentioned earlier, vervain has been regarded as a consecrated and blessed herb that was particularly used during sacrificial ceremonies of different Western religions. The Druids or priests in the ancient Celtic religion regarded the herb as approvingly as the mistletoe, a parasitic evergreen bush used as a decoration during Christmas. The Egiptians had dedicated the herb to their Goddess of birth Isis and used it as a common constituent in the love potions prepared by them. In addition, vervain may be taken to alleviate tension, get rid of depression, lethargy, irritability and all other problems associated with stress - headaches, migraines and even the nervous system fatigue. At the same time, the bitterness of vervain serves as a liver tonic and improves digestion. Vervain has also been frequently used to treat gallstones, add to the energy levels during convalescence or recuperation from ailments. When used as a hot infusion, vervain functions as a diaphoretic and helps to lower feverish conditions by inducing sweating.

Vervain is also advantageous for women. Vervain not only enhances the lactation and also induces menstruation cycles. In addition, vervain is known to invigorate the contraction of uterine muscles during labor and hence herbalists suggest that it is best to avoid using the herb during pregnancy. However, vervain may be used during labor as it makes child birth easier. The diuretic features of vervain make it beneficial for retaining fluids as well as treating gout. Vervain encloses substantial amount of tannins that makes it an effective astringent and useful as a mouthwash to treat bleeding gums and mouth ulcers. Remedies prepared with the vervain are also used effectively to treat sores and wounds. In addition, lotions or ointments prepared with vervain act as valuable medication for insect bites and skin disorders.

Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) flower


Vervain is found growing in abundance in the wild all over Europe, North Africa and also in China and Japan. The vervain is grown through seedlings during spring or in autumn and the plant flourishes in soil that does not allow water to stand and prefers a lot of sunlight. The aerial parts of vervain are useful for its therapeutic properties and are normally collected during the summer when the plants are in full blossom.


Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Health Benefits


Vervain is a plant. The parts that grow above ground are used to make medicine.

Vervain is used for sore throats and respiratory tract diseases such as asthma and whooping cough, and for heart conditions such as chest pain (angina) and fluid retention due to heart failure.

Vervain is also used for depression, hysteria, generalized seizure, gallbladder pain, arthritis, gout, metabolic disorders, “iron-poor blood” (anemia), fever, and recovery after fever.

Although scientists and researchers have not adequately researched the therapeutic properties of vervain, herbalists as well as the common people are well aware of its advantages. Vervain is known to have an effect on parasympathetic nervous system and also invigorates the uterus. The vervain is a bitter herb and hence it enhances the digestive process. However, here is a word of caution: if taken in excess dosages, vervain may lead to vomiting. Vervain possesses verbenalin that is said to be a gentle purgative and is suspected to be accountable for the vomiting.

Vervain is also considered to be an effective stimulant for digestion and helps the body to soak in the elements in the ingested foodstuff. At the same time, the vervain is valued as a restorative or recuperative medication for the nervous system and is hence frequently recommended by the herbal medicine practitioners to treat nervous tension or anxiety. According to herbalists, vervain possesses anti-depressant properties and so it is particularly used to cure anxiety and the fatigued nerves owing to prolonged period of trauma.

Other uses include treatment of pain, spasms, exhaustion, nervous conditions, digestive disorders, liver and gallbladder diseases, jaundice, and kidney and lower urinary tract disorders.

Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) plant


Significantly, vervain is considered to be a very useful stimulant or tonic for people recuperating from persistent ailments as the herb not only improves the digestion process, but also soothes and restores the nervous system. In addition, vervain is known to offer relief from headaches and is particularly advantageous for women. This function of the vervain has led the Chinese herbal medicine practitioners to recommend it for treating migraine problems related to the menstrual cycle.

Women use vervain for treating symptoms of menopause, irregular menstruation, and increasing milk flow, if breast-feeding.

Some people apply vervain directly to the skin to treat poorly healing wounds, abscesses and burns; for arthritis, joint pain (rheumatism), dislocations, bone bruises (contusions), and itching. Vervain is also used as a gargle for cold symptoms and other conditions of the mouth and throat.

In addition to the above mentioned benefits from the herb, vervain has several other therapeutic advantages. For instance, the vervain is often recommended by herbalists to treat jaundice, asthma, gallstone, pre-menstrual anxiety, insomnia and even fevers, especially at the beginning of flu. The vervain has several benefits for women. Vervain is also thought to contract the vaginal muscles during labor and also enhance lactation in the post-natal period.

In combination with gentian root, European elder flower, cowslip flower, and sorrel, vervain is used for maintaining healthy sinuses and treating inflamed or swollen sinuses (sinusitis).

In manufacturing, vervain flowers are used as a flavoring agent in alcoholic beverages.

Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) Side effects


Vervain is likely safe for most people when taken by mouth in food amounts and possibly safe when taken by mouth in small amounts as part of a combination product containing gentian root, elder flower, sorrel, and cowslip flower (SinuComp, Sinupret). There isn't enough information to know if vervain is safe when used in medicinal amounts other than as part of the combination product. The combination product can cause digestive system upset and occasionally allergic skin rash.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking vervain if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.