Benefits And Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health

Benefits And Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health

Celery (Apium Graveolens)

Celery (Apium Graveolens) is known as other names: Celery, Marsh Parsley, Aches des Marais, Ajamoda, Ajmoda, Ajwan, Apii Frutus, Apio, Apium graveolens, Céleri, Celery Fruit, Celery Seed, Fruit de Celeri, Graine de Céleri, Karmauli, Persil des Marais, Qin Cai, Smallage, Wild Celery, Selleriefruchte, Selleriesamen...

The plant known as the celery is a familiar culinary herb. The botanical name of the celery is Apium graveolens L., Celery is a plant of the Apiaceae family, and is a plant, consumed as a vegetable, that can be found throughout the world, and as an integral part of certain culture’s cuisine. It can grow to the height of up to 16 inches. The white celery is grown shaded from direct sunlight, thus has less chlorophyll, compared to its greener counterparts. Its origins most likely trace back to the Mediterranean and North African areas, since what is believed to be a rudimentary variety of species of celery was found in King Tut’s tomb, and a plant closely resembling celery is reference multiple times in Mediterranean myth and history.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health
Celery (Apium Graveolens) Picture

The seeds of the celery seed which are really the fruit of the plant have a warm, aromatic and pungent flavor and are employed as a condiment in many kinds of food products sold in the market. Celery also has essential oil in the seeds which are distilled and used as a flavoring in food products. The celery has been cultivated as a garden vegetable in areas with a temperate climate for a very long time. The plant species A. graveolens var. dulce, that is characterized by thickened and closely overlapping, ribbed petioles, is the common celery sold and seen in the produce sections of grocery stores. Celery of a different variety, the A. graveolens var. rapaceum sub-species, called the celeriac, bears a peculiar and highly swollen taproot, this variety is found as a specialty vegetable in grocery stores in the United States, while it is the common celery of European markets.

The seeds of the celery have a historical reputation as a folk medicine and were traditionally used in the treatment of problems like flatulence and indigestion, the remedy made from celery seeds were also as major diuretic medication, as an anti-spasmodic medication, as well as an herbal aphrodisiac. The principal treatments for the use of celery seeds included treating problems such as asthma, the treatment of bronchitis, and treating rheumatism and related disorders.

For culinary use, celery is most commonly found in soups and salads, or as a garnish to certain dishes. Also, it is commonly eaten as a snack, since it is quite filling, but not fattening.

Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health

Celery leaves has high content of vitamin A, whilst the stems are an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, B6 with rich supplies of potassium, folate, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium and plenty essential amino acids. Fresh celery is an excellent source of vitamin-K, provides about 25% of DRI.

Celery is also rich in many vital vitamins, including folic acid (provides 9% of RDA), riboflavin, niacin and vitamin-C.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health
Celery (Apium Graveolens) Picture

Its celery leaves and seeds contain many essential volatile oils that include terpenes, mostly limonene (75 to 80%), and the sesquiterpenes like β-selinene (10%) and humulene; however, its characteristic fragrance is due to chemical compounds known as phthalides (butylphthalid and its dihydro derivate sedanenolid) in them.

Nutrients in the fiber are released during juicing, aiding bowel movements. The natural organic sodium (salt) in celery is very safe for consumption, in fact is essential for the body. Even individuals who are salt-sensitive can safely take the sodium in celery, unlike table salt (iodised sodium) which is harmful for those with high blood pressure.

Benefits Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health

The historical records suggest that the cultivation of celery as a food crop is at least 3,000 years old. The celery was most probably cultivated the earliest in Egypt of the pharaohs. We also knew that the Chinese were familiar with the plant by the 5th century BC. Celery has been used as a food plant throughout history as far as we know, and the belief is that at different times in many civilizations the whole herb and the seeds were used as major herbal medications by people.

Celery seeds are still used today as an herbal treatment for gout and different rheumatic complaints. The remedy made from celery seeds aid the kidneys in eliminating urates and other metabolic waste products that needs to be expelled from the body. The celery seed remedy also actively works to lower the general acidity in the human body. The remedy made from the seeds of the celery are also helpful in treating arthritis, this remedy helps the body in detoxifying itself and also boosts the circulation of blood to the joints and general musculature.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health
Celery (Apium Graveolens) Picture

The potent anti-septic action and mild diuretic effect of the celery seeds comes in handy in the treatment of many disorders affecting the human body. The remedy is very effective in treating cystitis and helps to disinfect the bladder and urinary tubules - aiding the body in detoxification and elimination of metabolic waste and other toxins.

Celery is rich in vitamin C, which greatly boosts the strength of the immune system. Stimulated by the activity of other antioxidants in celery, it becomes more active and efficient. Because of the high content of vitamin C in celery, eating it regularly can reduce your risk of catching the common cold, as well as protecting you against a variety of other diseases.

Celery is known to contain at least eight families of anti-cancer compounds. Among them are the acetylenics that have been shown to stop the growth of tumor cells. Phenolic acids which block the action of prostaglandins that encourage the growth of tumor cells. And coumarins which help prevent free radicals from damaging cells. The phytochemical coumarins prevent the formation and development of the colon cancer and stomach cancer.

The natural laxative effect of celery helps to relieve constipation. It also helps relax nerves that have been overworked by man-made laxatives. The potassium and sodium in celery juice helps to regulate body fluid and stimulate urine production, making it an important help to rid the body of excess fluid. The diuretic effect of celery juice also aids the breaking and elimination of urinary and gall bladder stones. Celery seeds also assist in preventing urinary tract infections in women.

Celery leaves are also eaten for treating diabetic conditions, particularly because they are high in fiber, which has been shown to help manage diabetic symptoms.

The organic alkaline minerals in celery juice has a calming effect on the nervous system, making it a wonderful drink for insomniacs.

Dripping celery tea drops on eyelids is good for certain ophthalmological conditions, and can improve your eye health, reduce your chances of developing cataracts, and protects you against macular degeneration.

Remedies made from the seeds of the celery are also beneficial for treating problems affecting the chest including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, asthma, bronchitis, and whenever these remedies are used mixed with other beneficial herbs, they help in reducing elevated blood pressure in the body.

Celery (Apium Graveolens) Other benefits

Celery acts as an antioxidant as well, and in truth, all parts of celery including the seeds, roots and leaves can be used. Eating celery regularly helps to avoid diseases of the kidney, pancreas, liver and gallbladder; neuritis, constipation, asthma, high blood pressure, catarrh, pyorrhea and dropsy, mental exhaustion, acidosis, anemia, obesity and tuberculosis. It also helps in the overall health and strength of teeth.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Celery (Apium Graveolens) For Health
Celery (Apium Graveolens) Picture

Celery (Apium Graveolens) Side effects and cautions

Celery is such a succulent plant that it produces its own “pesticide” to protect itself from fungi. This protective layer is called psoralens which although protects the celery, may not go down so well with some people.

Celery oil and celery seeds are likely unsafe when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts during pregnancy. Large amounts of celery might make the uterus contract and cause a miscarriage. There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking celery oil and seeds if you are breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Allergies: Celery can cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to certain other plants and spices including wild carrot, mugwort, birch, and dandelion. This has been called the “celery-carrot-mugwort-spice syndrome.”

Bleeding disorder: There is concern that celery might increase the risk of bleeding when used in medicinal amounts. Don’t use celery if you have a bleeding disorder.

Celery in medicinal amounts might lower blood pressure. If your blood pressure is already low, taking celery might make it drop too much.

Celery can affect the central nervous system. There is some concern that celery, in combination with anesthesia and other medications used during and after surgery might slow down the central nervous system too much. Stop using celery at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.