Pain Lower Abdomen With Burning Sensation In Stomach Causes And Treatment

Pain Lower Abdomen With Burning Sensation In Stomach Causes And Treatment

Burning Sensation In Stomach, also known as dyspepsia, the burning sensation in the stomach is a very common occurrence. Reports show that one out of four people suffer from dyspepsia at least once in their lifetimes.

Dyspepsia symptoms include burning pain or gnawing, heartburn, burping, lack of appetite, vomiting and nausea. The symptoms can either be consistent, occasional, or occur after a meal.

If the sensation is severe or persistent, you will need evaluation followed by treatment from your doctor.

The main cause of Pain Lower Abdomen With Burning Sensation In Stomach

There are various reasons for people to feel a burning sensation in stomach.

The main reason why this pain emerges is because the lining of the stomach gets injured or irritated. This injury or irritation causes the inflammation of the stomach linings, a condition also known as gastritis. Other than the distinctive feeling of pain, other symptoms of gastritis are a lack of appetite, nausea, and stomach cramps.

Conditions that cause gastritis and burning abdominal pain

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter opens inappropriately or fails to close completely. When reflux occurs, digestive acids rise up into the esophagus causing the common burning sensation known as heartburn.

Known factors that contribute to the development of GERD include the following:

  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Spicy, citrus, and tomato-based foods
To rule out GERD a physician may need to perform additional tests on patients who report symptoms of heartburn that worsen at night or when lying down. A ph study, barium x-ray, and upper endoscopy are common tests physicians used to diagnose GERD. The diagnosis is confirmed when the medications designed to suppress the production of stomach acid and reduces a patient's symptoms.

Food Allergy

You will know that the burning sensation you feel is caused by food allergy if the sensation comes soon after you have eaten. If you are allergic to some foods, chances are that you feel the burning sensation once you have eaten these foods. Other people will feel this sensation when they eat food that has been contaminated. In such a case, it will be accompanied by fever, vomiting diarrhea etc.

If the allergic reactions are minor then prescribed or OTC antihistamines will ease the symptoms. If it is severe, your doctor may prescribe an emergency epinephrine injection. You can also try oral immunotherapy but consult your doctor first.


When an irritated, damaged, or inflamed area in the lining of the stomach is exposed to gastric juices, gastritis can develop. Pain from gastritis varies in individuals but the most common reported symptoms include the following:

  • A burning feeling in the stomach after meals or when lying down.
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal pain
  • Hiccups
  • A loss of appetite
H. pylori bacteria (Helicobacter pylori) cause a form of gastritis that resembles heartburn. Pernicious anemia, smoking, heavy use of alcohol, food intolerance or food allergy, Crohn's disease, celiac disease, and other underlying health conditions can also result in gastritis.

To diagnose gastritis the physician may recommend an additional test called an endoscopy. For an upper endoscopy, the physician inserts a thin, flexible tube that contains a small camera through the patient's mouth or nose to advance the tube to the patient's stomach. The endoscopy allows the physician to check the lining of the esophagus and stomach for inflammation and obtain a tissue sample if needed. 

Stomach Ulcers

This can be open sores found in your stomach's inner lining. Once the stomach acid comes in contact with the sores, it causes a painful burning sensation. Most people with stomach ulcers get pain at night because that is the time when the stomach is empty.

Depending on the type of ulcers, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics and medications that will block production of acid thus promote healing to the open sores. Other than that, you should start eating small meals more frequently, avoid foods that will irritate your stomach, drink moderate alcohol and manage/reduce your stress levels.

Medication Reaction

By frequently taking anti-inflammatory and non-steroidal drugs (NSAIDs) for pain or headaches, you may be unknowingly increasing your chances of developing gastritis, a condition that can cause the burning sensation you feel in your stomach. Ibuprofen and aspirin are such NSAIDs, and as such should be taken only occasionally. If the pain you experience is frequent, consult your doctor for other options for pain-relief.


Different digestive problems have been associated with stress. If you are stressed, your digestive system is unable to function properly. Stress also has the ability to cause the release of acid in your stomach causing the burning sensation.

Try techniques used to relieve stress. Some of them are meditation, exercise and yoga. Adequate sleep, regular exercise and having healthy meals will eventually reduce your stress levels.

Excessive Intake of Alcohol and Smoking: 

Other substances that can aggravate this problem are excessive intake of alcohol, smoking or substance abuse.

Chemotherapy and Radiation Sessions:

Sometimes, patients suffering from cancer experience a burning sensation in their stomach after undergoing treatments like chemotherapy and radiation.

Underlying Health Problems:

This can be a symptom of a number of underlying health problems such as Crohn's disease, pernicious anemia, gallbladder diseases, and so on.

Pain Lower Abdomen With Burning Sensation In Stomach Treatment

This condition is mainly diagnosed by studying the medical history of the patient. Sometimes, blood tests and X-rays are carried out to determine the underlying cause. Treatment includes medications, change in lifestyle, or treatment of any underlying diseases. Prompt treatment reduces the risk of formation of ulcers to a great extent. Swift treatment of the symptoms can help to prevent potential long-term medical complications.