Menopause And Abdominal Pain Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Menopause And Abdominal Pain Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Abdominal Pain in Menopause

While abdominal pain can get on your way at any life stage, menopause by itself gives more possible reasons and causes for this troublesome symptom to appear. Abdominal pain in menopause is one physical ailment that many women suffer during this time, including digestive problems, indigestion, gas and nausea. The abdominal pain may be very similar to pain experienced in menstruation, but you need to understand that these are not menstrual cramps. Any recurrent pain or any instance of spotting should be investigated by a health professional, to pinpoint the exact cause.

Cause and symptoms of Abdominal Pain in Menopause

Hormonal imbalances cause the most problems during menopause. As the ovaries produce less estrogen and progesterone, many functions of the body are thrown off-kilter. This includes the digestive process.

Menopause And Abdominal Pain Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Reproductive Diseases

Endometriosis can cause abdominal cramping in menopause. Symptoms of endometriosis are lower abdominal pain, pain with bowel movements, pain lower back pain.

Uterine Problems

Women who develop a condition called endometrial hyperplasia are at an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer. Endometrial hyperplasia occurs in women to who take supplement estrogen without progesterone. This causes the uterine lining to over grow - become hyperplastic - causing abdominal pain and spotting. If this condition is left untreated the endometrial cells can become cancerous. Symptoms of uterine fibroids are bleeding after menopause, pelvic pain, frequent urination, constipation and backache or leg pain.

Endometrial Cancer

Uterine cancer--endometrial cancer--is one of the most common forms of uterine cancer, according to MedlinePlus. Endometrial cancer mainly affects women over the age of 40, with it being most common for women in their 60s and 70s. Risk factors for endometrial cancer are diabetes, the use of estrogen replacements without progesterone, infertility, irregular periods, using the drug tamoxifen to treat breast cancer, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, menstruating before the age of 12 and starting menopause after 50. Symptoms of endometrial cancer are abnormal uterine bleeding, vaginal discharge or bleeding after menopause, and abdominal cramping.


Cortisol, a hormone released by the adrenal gland which is affected by estrogen, helps control the digestive process. Changing estrogen levels may cause too much cortisol to be released, negatively affecting a woman’s digestion and leading to stomach pain.

Treatment for Abdominal Pain in Menopause

Abdominal pain can be treated with lifestyle changes like eating the right foods and drinking plenty of water. Herbs and supplements may also be taken to even out hormone levels. More risky treatments include doctor-prescribed medication and surgery if abdominal pain is severe or long-lasting.

Tips will help to provide healthy living after menopause

Exercise becomes particularly important as a woman ages. Regular exercise benefits the heart and bones, helps regulate weight, and can be a mood enhancer, creating a better sense of well-being.

Eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Reduce consumption of saturated fats.

Do not smoke. Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease.

Maintain a healthy weight.

Take medication for high blood pressure or to reduce your cholesterol, if prescribed by your doctor. This will help minimize your risk for heart disease.

Reduce stress in your life through relaxation techniques or regular exercise.

When to seek help?

If you suspect that your abdominal pain is serious, seek help immediately.  Otherwise, schedule a visit with your doctor to learn more about the cause of your discomfort. Call your doctor if mild abdominal pain lasts a week or more or if you experience pain at the same time as other symptoms. Get medical help immediately if:
  • You have abdominal pain that is sudden and sharp
  • You also have pain in your chest, neck or shoulder
  • You're vomiting blood or have blood in the urine or stool
  • Your abdomen is stiff, hard and tender to touch
  • You can't move your bowels, especially if you're also vomiting

Warning for Abdominal Pain in Menopause

Bleeding in menopause is abnormal, and all instances of bleeding alongside cramping should be investigated by a physician. If left untreated, some of these conditions can become life-threatening. Continuous abdominal cramping in menopause without bleeding should also be investigated as it can be a sign of another condition such as appendicitis, sexually transmitted diseases or abnormal uterine growths.