Lower Left Abdominal Pain Causes And Treatment

Lower Left Abdominal Pain Causes And Treatment

The lower left abdominal area is a common site of pain, especially among young adults, women and elderly people. This area includes structures located to the left of an imaginary line that runs vertically across the level of the belly button, and an imaginary horizontal line below the left lower ribs. The organs and structures that may cause pain in this area include parts of the large intestine, the sigmoid colon and descending colon, parts of the small bowel, the left ovary and the fallopian tube, and the left ureter.

Symptoms of lower left abdominal pain may be experienced as an acute or chronic type of pain. Pain may be described as a dull aching pain or a sharp, stabbing or burning pain. The pain may be intermittent, spontaneous, or persistent. In addition, left lower abdominal pains may be accompanied by other symptoms including loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, tenderness, fever, heaviness or fullness, and more. Some causes may be harmless, while others may require immediate medical attention.

If you often have lower left abdominal pain, then you need to know what may be the possible causes of this pain. The following is pertinent information you can use to help discover the cause of your pain and possible treatment options that are available.

Causes of lower left abdominal pain

Here is information to help pinpoint the typical causes of lower left abdominal pain.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Currently, the reason why Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) occurs is still unknown. However, there do seem to be certain stressors that help facilitate the onset of the disease.  These stressors include stress and poor diet. The disease often occurs during adolescence, but it is not solely an adolescent disease. Symptoms of  IBS include lower abdominal pain, constipation, or diarrhea.

Kidney Stone

Pain from a kidney stone tends to be the most severe type of pain you can experience in the lower abdominal region. Kidney stones occur when calcium, uric acid, or salts remain in the kidneys instead of passing through. Eventually, these deposits began to accumulate and form stones within the kidney, which makes it hard to urinate and causes abdominal pain. It is believed that ingesting large amounts of calcium and not drinking enough water are the chief reasons kidney stones occur.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is due to a fertilized egg implanting itself in a location outside the uterus, which is usually a fallopian tubes. This is considered one of the main causes of pain in the lower left abdomen, and it is also considered to be a medical emergency of life-threatening proportions. Thus, it is important for a pregnant women to seek medical attention if she complains of pain on the left side of her stomach.

Obstructed Bowel

Bowel obstructions like a hernia, Crohn’s disease,and volvulus can cause pain in the lower left side of the abdomen. Also, bowel cancer can cause lower left abdominal pain. The pain associated with these conditions may also be accompanied by vomiting and muscle cramps.

Ovarian Cyst

An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac on the surface of the ovary that may grow large and produce lower abdominal discomfort. They are usually harmless and should not be a cause for worry, but sometimes may grow very large and twist, producing left lower abdominal pains that may be a dull, aching pain. This may be constant or intermittent, and may radiate to the lower back. Pelvic pains may occur near the beginning or end of a menstrual period. Women may also experience nausea, vomiting, fullness or heaviness of the abdomen, menstrual irregularities, and pressure on the rectum or bladder.

Most ovarian cysts go away without medical treatment but one should consult a doctor when experiencing sudden, severe lower abdominal pain associated with fever and vomiting.


Regardless of age, gender, or nationality, constipation seems to affect all of us at one point or another. This condition happens when  a person lacks having regular bowel movements or soft stools. However, one important fact to remember about constipation is this: it’s not a documented illness. It’s actually a condition primarily due to lack of fiber in the diet.


Diverticulitis is caused by colon (or diverticulum) inflammation. The main symptom of this disease is abdominal pain. Fever, constipation, and vomiting are also signs of an inflamed colon.

Crohn's disease

An inflammatory bowel disease that tends to run in families; it is characterized by severe abdominal pains, severe diarrhea, and malnutrition. This condition can be debilitating and may even lead to life-threatening complications.

Ulcerative colitis

Another inflammatory bowel disease that is chronic and debilitating; it is characterized by severe, cramp-like pain and bloody diarrhea, leading to weight loss.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Occurs when the lower part of the aorta, the largest blood vessel, is weakened and bulges, causing abdominal and back pains.


Occurs when uterine tissue grows outside of the uterus, such as on the left ovary, fallopian tube or bowels, causing severe pain that usually coincides with menses.

Lactose intolerance, ulcerative colitis, Pyelonephritis, and urinary tract infections also cause lower left abdominal pain.

Lower Left Abdominal Pain Treatment

Abdominal pain is often a sign of an illness or dysfunction and should not be taken lightly. Your health care provider will most likely recommend getting X-rays and an MRI to help in detecting any illnesses or disorders. The aforementioned reasons for lower left abdominal pain can all be healed if the proper treatment is given in a timely manner.  Most treatment options will include medications instead of surgery, which is only used in unique cases. Keep in mind that serious conditions such as ectopic pregnancy and kidney stones are considered emergency cases, and treatment should be sought immediately. Other milder conditions such as IBS, urinary tract infections, and constipation are usually cured with medications.

A proper nutritious diet can prevent the occurrence of most lower left abdominal pain. A high fiber diet will eliminate constipation, and drinking the proper amounts of water will help flush kidneys out to prevent stones and urinary tract infections. Being proactive is a whole lot better than being reactive to pain. See to it that you check with your physician immediately in order to avoid further health complications. Just keep in mind that this report is for information purposes only and is not intended to diagnose or treat any medical conditions.