Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps

Abdominal pain is a common condition that people suffer from on many occasions in their lives. Although the related reason for this condition might vary from person to person, most of the causes that lead to abdominal pain are not very serious in nature, and the issue can be easily diagnosed and treated accordingly.

Lower abdominal cramping or pain is one of the most common symptoms experienced, and it may be either in the lower right or in lower left side. There are many possible causes of lower abdominal pain and cramps, there is also the possibility that the pain which is felt in the lower abdomen can sometimes be an indication of a serious malady, and that is why it is important that it isn't ignored, and treated on time.

Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps

Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps on the Left Side

The abdominal organs found in the lower left abdomen include a portion of the descending colon (large bowel), part of the small intestine, the spleen, the lower portion of the left kidney, the left ureter, ovary and fallopian tube, the urinary bladder and all the nerves, blood vessels muscles and skin in the left lower quadrant.

An abnormal condition in any of these organs may result in abdominal cramping in the left lower side, including:

  • Constipation
  • Colon Cancer
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Ovulation
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Left kidney stones
  • Uterine disorders, such as myoma or endometriosis
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Salpingitis
  • Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside of the uterus)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Diverticulitis
  • Crohn's disease
  • Left inguinal hernia
  • Ruptured spleen

Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps on the Right Side

The organs found in the right lower side of the abdomen include the appendix, the ascending colon, part of the large intestine, the right ovary and Fallopian tube, parts of the small intestine, the lower portion of the right kidney and the ureter. Pain in the right lower quadrant may be caused by:

Other Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps

  • Trapped wind in the gut
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Strenuous exercise causing muscle pain
  • Prostatitis
  • Cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder)
  • Psoas abscess (infection in the psoas muscle)
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Symptoms of Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps

Cramping in the lower abdomen may be accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Heaviness in the pelvis
  • Lower abdominal tenderness

Diagnosis of Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps

Sometimes the doctor can diagnose what causes pain lower abdominal cramping from a patient's medical history and physical examination. However, the causes for this particular condition are way too many, various types of tests are suggested in order to detect the exact cause.

The diagnostic tests  for Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps include:

  • Laparoscopy
  • Abdominal X-ray
  • Abdominal CT scan
  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Culture and sensitivity testing (for infection)
  • MRI scan
  • Blood test (full blood count)
  • Urinalysis
  • Colonoscopy or endoscopy
  • Tomography of the abdomen/pelvis

Treatment for Lower Abdominal Pain And Cramps

Many people experience mild lower abdominal cramping that may later go away on its own. Some mild symptoms are relieved with a few home remedies such as:

  • Adequate intake of water and other fluids.
  • Avoid eating any solid food while you experience pain and cramps.
  • Consumption of foods such as bananas, rice, plain crackers or applesauce, is advised.
  • Try going for a walk, as it might ease the discomfort a little.
  • Deep breathing exercises have proved to be very effective and will also help you relax.
  • Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol, caffeine, or any other aerated drink.
  • Do not indulge in any abdominal exercises which involve stretching of the stomach muscles
  • Practicing yoga might help in easing the cramps.
  • Herbal teas like chamomile, fennel or peppermint, are very helpful.
  • Over-the-counter antacids like Pepto-Bismol, Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, etc., may prove beneficial in case of an upset stomach.
  • Some other treatment options are physical therapy, massage, heat therapy, nerve blocks, muscle relaxants, and other relaxation techniques.

One should consider seeking medical advice when symptoms worsen or persist even after taking some home remedies. You should see a doctor immediately if you also have moderate to severe symptoms like persistent vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding and high fever. Some of these conditions may be life threatening, such as ectopic pregnancy, ruptured spleen, or abdominal aortic aneurysm, and these must be treated as emergencies.

Read more:

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Lower Left Abdominal Pain Causes And Treatment

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