Knee Pain In Front Of Knee

Knee Pain In Front Of Knee


Front knee pain, medical term anterior knee pain, is the pain in front of the knee. Knee pain in the front of the knee is often a result of what is referred to as Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. This is a very common complaint seen by physicians and most commonly in teenagers, athletes, and manual laborers. ​​

Knee Pain In Front Of Knee

The causes of patellofemoral syndrome are often multifactorial and may be due to excess weight, roughening or softening of the cartilage, trauma, or imbalance of quadriceps muscle strength causing improper alignment.

Symptoms of front knee pain: Patients often complain of pain around and behind the knee cap (sharp or dull). Pain is common with going up or down stairs, kneeling, and squatting.

The treatment for this condition is most often treated conservatively. Those who are experiencing this knee pain can try modifying their activities to avoid things that aggravate their symptoms such as kneeling or squatting for long periods of time. They should avoid exercises that load the front part of the knee like squats, leg extensions, and deep knee bends. For those who enjoy biking: make sure that the seat is at an appropriate height so as to allow a slight bend in the knee at the lowest part of the pedal stroke. Too high or too low of a seat will cause poor mechanics and can cause further injury. Patients can also try ice and rest, Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs, taping or a knee brace to better stabilize the kneecap. Physical therapy is an initial form of treatment for this condition. A physical therapist will instruct in stretching and strengthening exercises that will help better condition the muscles around the knee.


Different condition due to pain at knee front


  • Patellofemoral Knee Pain: Aching knee pain due to malalignment of knee cap
  • Chondromalacia Patella: Damage to cartilage at back of the knee cap
  • Patella Tendinitis / Tendinopathy (Jumper’s knee)
  • Patella Tendon Tear: Full or partial tear in the tendon under kneecap
  • Quadriceps Tear: Tear or strain on front thigh muscles
  • Pre-patella bursitis (Housemaid knee): inflammation of bursa at the front of knee due to kneeling, fall, impact
  • Osgood Schlatters: Pain under knee cap at tibial tuberosity, seen in children and teens
  • Patella fracture: crack or broken patella bone
  • Patella dislocation: knee cap moves outside of knee joint