Frequent Urination And Abdominal Pain Causes, Treatment, Prevention

Frequent Urination And Abdominal Pain Causes, Treatment, Prevention

Frequent urination and lower abdominal pain are the most common symptoms people who have cystitis or infection of their urinary tract (also called water works infection) have. But that is not the only cause of frequent passing or urine and stomach or abdominal pain.

Frequent Urination And Abdominal Pain Causes


Cystitis literally means inflammation or infection of the bladder or urinary bladder.  The bladder is the sac-like organ in our lower abdomen that collects and store  urine produced by our kidneys. When  it is filled, we have the urge to pass urine.

Sometimes, bacteria find their way up into the bladder from the rectum or anus. If you do not drink enough water to help flush the bladder, these bacteria gets more time to multiply and spread, causing infection of the bladder.

Women are more prone to having cystitis than men. This is because they have a very shorter urethra of about 3cm only, connecting the bladder to the outside. Pregnancy also increases the likelihood of developing cystitis. It is also very common in the elderly. 

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If you are suffering with frequent urination and lower abdominal pain with burning sensation, you can be almost 99 percent sure that it is due to cystitis or urine tract infection.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Another common cause of frequent urination and lower abdominal pain is PID or pelvic inflammatory disease in women. This is an infection involving the womb, tubes and potentially the fallopian tubes and tissues surrounding the womb.

Pelvic inflammatory disease is often caused by a sexually transmitted disease. It is not as common though, as cystitis. It is easily distinguished from cystitis because of the presence of abnormal vaginal discharge.


Prostatitis is a condition found only in men. It is the infection of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a chestnut shaped organ attached just under the bladder in men where seminal fluid is produced. If it becomes infected, it can cause severe pelvic or lower abdominal pain in men, abdominal pain and burning when urinating.

Acute Retention of Urine

Acute urinary retention is a problem frequently seen in older men with prostate problem. When the prostate becomes enlarged, it can block the outflow of urine leading to distension of the bladder and severe lower abdominal pain.

If you are having frequent urination and lower abdominal pain, please know it is save to be considered due to cystitis until proven otherwise. Cystitis or urinary tract infection is the most common cause of abdominal pain and frequent passing of urine with or without burning sensation.

Other causes of abdominal pain and frequent urination include:

Frequent Urination And Abdominal Pain Treatment

If abdominal pain and frequent urination are due to something you drank, symptoms should subside within one day.

Infections are typically treated with antibiotics.

Rare and more severe conditions, such as right-sided heart failure, are treated with more intense regimens.

Monitoring your fluid intake can help you determine whether you are urinating appropriately given the amount of fluid you are drinking. However, if your symptoms are due to a UTI, increasing your fluid intake may help to sweep harmful bacteria through your urinary tract.

For other symptom-related conditions, talk to a medical professional about the best course of at-home treatment.

Prevention  Abdominal Pain and Frequent Urination

While not all causes of abdominal pain and frequent urination are preventable, you can avoid beverages that commonly upset people’s stomachs, such as alcoholic drinks and caffeinated drinks

Always using condoms during sexual intercourse or participating in a monogamous sexual relationship can reduce the risk of contracting an STI. Practicing good hygiene and wearing clean, dry underwear can help prevent a UTI.

Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly may also help prevent these symptoms.