Benefits Of White Poplar (Populus Alba) For Health

Benefits Of White Poplar (Populus Alba) For Health


White Poplar (Populus Alba)


White Poplar (Populus Alba), commonly called abele, silver poplar, silverleaf poplar, silver-leaf Poplar is a species of poplar, most closely related to the aspens (Populus sect. Populus). It is native from Morocco and the Iberian Peninsula through central Europe (north to Germany and Poland) to central Asia. It grows in moist sites, often by watersides, in regions with hot summers and cold to mild winters.

White Poplar is a medium-sized deciduous tree, growing to heights of up to 16–27 m (rarely more), with a trunk up to 2 m diameter and a broad rounded crown. The bark is smooth and greenish-white to greyish-white with characteristic diamond-shaped dark marks on young trees, becoming blackish and fissured at the base of old trees. The young shoots are covered with whitish-grey down, including the small buds. The  white poplar leaves are 4–15 cm long, five-lobed, with a thick covering of white scurfy down on both sides but thicker underneath; this layer wears off the upper side but not the lower, which stays white until autumn leaf fall. Larger, deeply lobed leaves are produced on fast-growing young trees, and smaller, less deeply lobed leaves on older, slow-growing trees. The white poplar flowers are catkins up to 8 cm long, produced in early spring; they are dioecious, with male and female catkins on separate trees; the male catkins are grey with conspicuous dark red stamens, the female catkins are greyish-green. The female catkins lengthen to 8–10 cm after pollination, with several green seed capsules, maturing in late spring to early summer.

Benefits Of White Poplar (Populus Alba) For Health
White Poplar (Populus Alba) Picture

White poplar is a deciduous tree whose growth is very rapid having a crown which varies from being asymmetrical to wide-rounded. The normal diameter of a mature white poplar is approximately two to three feet. Nevertheless, very often white poplar is seen growing as a multi-trunked tree. As in the case of American aspen, the leaves of white poplars also quiver even in slightest breeze, displaying its eye-catching foliage. However, the color of its foliage is very ordinary during the fall. The young white poplar trees have a smooth and greenish-gray bark, but it turns into deep gray-black with creases as it matures.

White Poplar Leaves is rich in Vitamin C. Inner bark - dried, ground into a powder and added to flour for making bread. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails. The stem bark is anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic and tonic. The bark contains salicylates, from which the proprietary medicine aspirin is derived. White poplar is used internally in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, lower back pains, urinary complaints, digestive and liver disorders, debility, anorexia, also to reduce fevers and relieve the pain of menstrual cramps.


Benefits Of White Poplar (Populus Alba) For Health


The bark of white poplar has been commonly reputed for possessing pain-alleviating and anti-inflammatory properties. Very often, preparations with the white poplar bark are used to cure arthritic and rheumatic pains and aches. In addition, the bark is also said to be effective in reducing fever, particularly when the condition is related to rheumatic arthritis.

Benefits Of White Poplar (Populus Alba) For Health
White Poplar (Populus Alba) Leaves Picture

As the bark of white poplar possesses tonic or stimulant properties, it works as an energizer medication while treating anorexia as well as other different conditions related to debility. The bark also possesses notable antiseptic and astringent attributes that makes it effective while treating diarrhea as well as symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (also known as IBS). White poplar is useful in treating conditions which are somewhat below chronic diarrhea and it may also used as a substitute for quinine. White poplar bark products may also be used to promote digestion and especially augment the functioning of the liver and the stomach, mainly in cases where the patient suffers from loss of appetite.

Other remedial benefits of white poplar bark include its usefulness in treating infections of the urinary tract. In addition, white poplar may also be used as a tonic for the urinary system. The bark of white poplar is also considered to be effective in curing feverish cold as well as infections, for instance, cystitis. The other uses of the bark include treating the weakness of the female organs, urine incontinence, dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) as well as discharge of mucus from the bladder.

Benefits Of White Poplar (Populus Alba) For Health
White Poplar (Populus Alba) Picture

Other uses of White Poplar (Populus Alba)


An extract of the shoots can be used as a rooting hormone for all types of cuttings. White poplar  is extracted by soaking the chopped up shoots in cold water for a day. A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark. White Poplar Wood - rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion, very light, soft, elastic. White poplar  is used for less good quality purposes such as making matches, packing materials etc.

White poplar is often grown as an ornamental tree owing to its attractive foliage. However, white poplar is not a suitable tree to be planted along the streets because its roots are shallow and are likely to crumple the sidewalks damaging sewers. The suckering tendency as well as the cluttered propensities of white poplar, such as littering its brittle twigs, quivering leaves and cottony seeds also makes this tree inappropriate for growing in lawns. On the other hand, the rapid growth rate of white poplar makes this species an interesting option for being used as a windbreak or screen in the case of property lines. White poplar is an excellent species for growing in sunny woodlands where white poplar may grow naturally.

White Poplar (Populus Alba) Side effects and cautions


Although taking white poplar bark products is comparatively safe, you also need to exercise certain precautions while taking this herbal formulation. In case you have allergic reactions to aspirin, you should never take white poplar bark, as it may result in skin irritation just when you get in touch with white poplar. There are several drugs which can interact with herbal medications and, hence, it would be wise on your part if you consult your physician prior to adding a new herb to your list of medications.

Since the chemical composition of aspirin and the compounds present in white poplar bark are very dissimilar, it denotes that it is unlikely you would be experiencing the similar kinds of side effects that are common with aspirin - for instance, nausea and heartburn. However, when white poplar bark preparations are taken in very large doses, it may result in stomach disorder. Therefore, as in the case of any other remedy, always ensure that you strictly follow the dosage of white poplar recommended by your physician as this will help you to diminish your risks of side effects.