Benefits Of American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) For Health

Benefits Of American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) For Health

American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides)

American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) is known as other name: American Aspen, Golden Aspen, Mountain Aspen, Poplar, Quaking Aspen, Quiver leaf, Trembling Aspen, Trembling Poplar.

American aspen is a fast-growing botanical species that lives for a brief period and normally grows up to a height of 80 feet on maturity. This tree has a soft, almost white bark, which becomes rough and dark as it matures. The lean, compacted leaf stalks of the tree bear disk-shaped or oval leaves that tremble even in light breeze and, hence, the species is also referred to as quaking aspen or trembling aspen. American aspen tree produces male and female flowers on separate trees during April and May and these blossoms emerge in long clusters known as catkins. In fact, the flowers blossom about a month prior to the emergence of the leaves. The crown of the tree is comparatively small and dispersed, while the branches are distributed. The trunk of American aspen grows straight have small taper and are generally branchless lower than the crown. The branchlets of this species are thin, reddish-brown and frequently have a gray waxy coating. The buds of American aspen are pointed, reddish-brown have terminal buds and might be somewhat viscous.

Benefits Of American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) For Health
American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides)  Leaves Picture

The American aspen is so generously gifted that the tree provides food to more than five hundred species of animals, fungi and additional life-forms. The bark of this tree is a favorite of the beaver more than any other living species and uses the poles of the tree to build its dams, while the winter buds of American aspen form the food for grouse. On the other hand, the moose surfs through the foliage of the tree throughout the year.

American aspen also provides shelter and home to a wide diversity of wildlife that need young forests, counting black deer, hare, deer, elk, woodcock, grouse and several smaller birds as well as animals. Especially, the ruffed grouse makes use of all the age categories of American aspen - for instance, the sapling stands for brooding, the pole stands for shelter during winters as well as breeding and the mature stands for making their nests as well as collecting their food during the winters.

There was a time, when humans also depended on the American aspen as a major supply of foods as well as medicines. Different North American Indian tribes consumed the internal bark of American aspen and even drank the syrup extracted from the inner bark of the tree as a tonic during spring time or to revitalize their energy. The Crees, the largest native group of North America, simmered the bark of American aspen and drank the solution as a medication to treat cough. On the other hand, the Delawares utilized the roots of the tree as a tonic for weakness and also prepared a cold remedy making use of the bark of American aspen. They boiled the roots to prepare the tonic that supposedly infused strength. Chippewas fermented the roots of American aspen and drank it to avoid premature childbirth, applied the chewed bark externally to the cuts and also prepared medicine for the heart using different parts of this tree. While the Fox people boiled the buds of American aspen in fat to prepare an ointment that provided relief to the nose of people suffering from cold, the Mohawks prepared an herbal tea with the bark of American aspen to eliminate worms from the body.

Later, during the 19th century, contemporary herbalists continued from where the Native American Indians left and undertook researches with the tinctures prepared with American aspen bark to prepare formulations to treat fever, arthritis, rheumatism, common cold and also to expel worms.

Benefits Of American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) For Health

Similar to the willow bark, the bark of American aspen or the trembling aspen is very familiar for its pain-alleviating as well as anti-inflammatory attributes. Formulations prepared with the bark of American aspen are generally taken internally to cure arthritic and rheumatic pains and aches. In addition, herbal preparations with American aspen are used to reduce fever, particularly when the condition is related to rheumatoid arthritis. As the bark of American aspen possesses tonic or stimulant properties, it works as an energizer medication when treating anorexia (loss of hunger and helplessness to eat) as well as other conditions related to debility. The bark of this tree also possesses considerable antiseptic and astringent attributes and this makes it effective in treating diarrhea as well as the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The bark of American aspen is also used to cure infections of the urinary tract.

Since using the bark of American aspen facilitates in encouraging the flow of bile (cholagogue), it can also be used to promote digestion and particularly stimulate the functioning of the stomach and liver, especially when one suffers from loss of appetite. American aspen may also be given to patients who are enduring feverish colds as well as infections, for instance cystitis.

Benefits Of American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) For Health
American Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) Picture

Apart from the remedial uses of American aspen or the trembling aspen, this tree also has a number of other utilities. The timber of this tree is lightweight, smooth and shrinks very less. This is the reason why high quality aspen are used for boards/ planks as well as making wooden matches. It is interesting to note that the timber of American aspen is especially ideal for making excellent sauna benches as well as structures in playgrounds since the surface of this wood does not fall apart. Nevertheless, the major portion of aspen wood is used to make pulp and flake boards. In addition, different wildlife also takes advantage of American aspen. For instance, the leaves of American aspen also referred to as the quaking aspen, form the food for caterpillars of different Lepidoptera species.

In Canada, the wood of American aspen is primarily used for making pulp products, for example, books, good quality printing paper and newsprint. It may be noted that the wood of American aspen is particularly suited for making high grade panel products like wafer board and oriented strand board. The planks/ boards of American aspen are lightweight and widely used to make furniture, crates, boxes, wall panels and the core stock in plywood.