Benefits And Nutrition Of Black Currant For Health

Benefits And Nutrition Of Black Currant For Health


Black Currant


Black Currant is also known as other names: European Black Currant, Feuille de Cassis, Gadelier Noir, Groseille Noir, Grosella Negra, Huile de P├ępins de Cassis, Nabar, Paper, Ribes Nigri Folium (Black Currant Leaf), Ribes Nero, Ribes nigrum, Quincy berries, Grosellero Negro, Kurokarin, Folium, Ribes Nigrum.

Currant is a small shrub belonging to the family of Grossulariaceae, of the genus; Ribes and has the scientific name: Ribes nigrum. In general, currants grow best in regions where summer is humid but winter is severe and chilling.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Black Currant For Health
Black Currant

The currant is a fruit bearing shrub, originating from Tibet, extended and cultivated in Europe, dating 400 years back. It can reach the height of 1.5 m. Its leaves are divided into 3-5 triangular lobes, with tooth-like margins, slightly hairy on their interior side. The flowers are small, yellowish-green colored on the outside and red on the inside, sorted into 5-10 hanging groups. The fruits are round, with a diameter of around 0.5-1 cm, black, perfumed, with a pleasant, aromatic, slightly sour taste.

It grows spontaneously in woods, frequent in hilly areas, having a strong resistance towards cold weather. In its wild state, it can be found in more temperate, wet and cool zones, averted from strong winds. The parts used from the black currant are its leaves and fruits, harvested immediately after the complete maturing of the fruits.

Black currant doesn’t only taste good, but it is one of the healthiest berries black currant health benefits available due to its high nutritional values. It is highly rich source of Vitamin C which is highly beneficial to increase body capacity to absorb iron. It also supports the immune system to fight common disease like cold, flu and infection. It also improves eye vision, cardiovascular health and many more.

Black currant dried leaf is used for arthritis, gout, joint pain (rheumatism), diarrhea, colic, hepatitis and other liver ailments, convulsions, and disorders that cause swelling (inflammation) of the mouth and throat. Black currant dried leaf is also used for treating coughs, colds, and whooping cough; disinfecting the urine; promoting urine flow; treating bladder stones, and as a cleansing tea. Some people apply black currant leaf directly to the skin for treating wounds and insect bites.

In foods, black currant berry is used to flavor liqueurs and other products. People also eat black currant berry.


Nutrition Of Black Currant For Health


Black currants have significantly high amounts of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals called anthocyanins. Scientific studies have shown that consumption of blackcurrants have potential health effects against cancer, aging, inflammation, and neurological diseases.

Black currants have anti-oxidant value (Oxygen radical absorbance capacity- ORAC) of 7950 Trolex Equivalents per 100g, which is one of the highest value for fruits after chokeberries, elderberry, and cranberries. Red currants, however, possess comparatively less ORAC value at 3387 TE than the black variety.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Black Currant For Health
Black Currant Picture

Black currants are very good in vitamin A, and flavonoid anti-oxidants such as beta-carotene, zea-xanthin and cryptoxanthin levels. 100 g fresh berries provide 230 IU of vitamin A. These compounds are known to have antioxidant properties.

These berries are an excellent source of antioxidant vitamin, vitamin-C.  100 g of fresh currants provide more than 300% of daily-recommended intake values of vitamin C.

Fresh blackcurrants are also rich in many essential vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) and thiamin (vitamin B-1). These vitamins are essential in the sense that body requires them from external sources to replenish and required for metabolism.

They also contain good amounts of mineral iron. 100 g currant berries provide about 20% of daily recommended levels.

Additionally, the berries are also a very good source of other important minerals like copper, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, magnesium, and potassium, which are very essential for body metabolism.

Benefits Of Black Currant For Health


Cardiovascular Health


The Health Benefits and therapeutic uses of black currants include it being used for the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases on account of the presence of vitamin C. Black currant contains a high amount of flavonoids which proves best nutrient that promote cardiovascular health. It also contains a good amount of Omega 3 which proves beneficial to health. Black currant has proved to reduce bad cholesterol (LDL) and increase good cholesterol (HDL) level in the blood. Thus it improves the blood flow towards the heart and thus it reduces the risk of the heart attack, stroke and hypertension.

Cancer


Black currants are also known to have anti-cancer properties as they have a high proportion of vitamin C, rich antioxidant content and hence are known to be effective in fighting against breast cancer and colon cancer cells. It is also highly effective for liver cancer.

Ageing


Early-ageing is a common problem which can be prevented by including antioxidant rich food. Black currant contains a high amount of powerful antioxidant Vitamin C which protect cell damage from free radicals.

Benefits And Nutrition Of Black Currant For Health
Black Currant Picture

Inflammation


Black currant is rich in phytonutrient, antioxidants and tannins which proves effective to prevent inflammation of the stomach, intestine and cardiovascular system.

Immunity


Black currant contains a high amount of Vitamin C. It increases immunity to protect from cold and flu. It is also effective to protect from any infections. Black currants are also helpful in enhancing one’s overall immunity.

Eye vision


Black currant provides a high amount of Vitamin A which increases eye vision. It is a rich source of antioxidants that protect eyes from free radicals. Thus it protects from damage of an eye retina which is the cause of complete eye vision loss.

Blood formation


Black currant is also rich in iron which increases the production of red blood cells. Due to its rich Vitamin C, black currant increases body capacity to absorb iron.

For Women


Black currants are also beneficial for those suffering from menopause as they tend to intensify the weak peripheral circulation and also eliminate the cholesterol, waste and toxins from the blood. Black currants also help women suffering from menopause by improving their blood circulation.

Black currants are an excellent fruit for women especially, on account of their numerous benefits such as treating the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, menopause, breast tenderness and painful periods. 

Bone and teeth health


Black currant provides a high amount of calcium which strengthen bone and teeth. It is effective to prevent osteoporosis. It also improves oral health.

Brain


Eating black currant increases memory. It protects the brain from free radical damage due to its rich antioxidants. As black currant is a rich source of iron it increases oxygen supply to the brain. Thus it improves brain health.

Energy


Black currant proves beneficial as it increases the energy level. It is a good food that increases the recovery process, thus reduces injury.

Skin problems


The herbal remedy prepared using the buds of the black currant plant are used in the treatment of urticaris and the fruits of the black currant are used as a natural remedy for treating skin conditions such as insect stings, dermatosis, abcess and eczemas and psoriasis.

Urinary tract health


Health benefits and therapeutic uses of the black currant also make it an excellent natural cure for kidney related problems in an individual as the dried leaves of the black currant plant are known to promote flow of urine, work against the formation of bladder stones and also disinfect the urine especially when consumed on a regular basis as a cleansing tea.

Some of the other medicinal uses of black currants include it being very beneficial in the natural treatment of gout, rheumatism and arthritis.

Special Precautions & Warnings


Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of black currant during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Bleeding disorders: Black currant might slow blood clotting. There is some concern that it might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding in people with bleeding disorders.