What To Do For Knee Pain And Swelling?

What To Do For Knee Pain And Swelling?


What To Do For Knee Pain And Swelling?


Acute Swollen Knee


  • Rest the knee and do as little walking as possible.
  • Use crutches if it hurts to straighten the leg.
  • Ice directly on the skin on the area of the swollen part of your knee for about 20 minutes and then take the ice off for another 20 minutes. Repeat twice. Do this 3 times a day to reduce the swelling.
  • Hold a warm, moist towel or a hot-water bottle, or take a warm bath to ease any pain after swelling subsides.
  • Wrap your knee in an elastic bandage to apply compression. Try an elastic bandage with a fastener that sticks to the bandage so that you don’t need clips.
  • Keep the knee elevated above your heart while lying down. Prop the knee and foot on pillows or on the arm of the couch.
  • Alleviate pain with over-the-counter pain relievers. If pain continues, see your doctor, who may prescribe a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or a muscle relaxer.
  • Apply a topical painkiller as instructed by a pharmacist. You can also try a patch that contains the analgesic lidocaine for pain relief.
  • Go to the doctor if there is significant swelling, if you can’t bear weight on the knee, if there is obvious deformity or if you have a fever and redness in your knee, which may indicate an infection. Also see the doctor if you don’t notice improvement after about 4 days. Your ligaments might be damaged.
What To Do For Knee Pain And Swelling

Chronic Swollen Knee


  • Go to a physical therapist who can recommend exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knee joint.
  • Wear knee pads that are cushioned if you spend a significant amount of time on your knees. If possible, take frequent rest breaks while kneeling.
  • Use arch supports in your shoes, prescribed by an orthotic specialist. These can shift pressure from the part of the knee that is being affected by osteoarthritis and other medical problems.
  • Avoid squatting repetitively, which can cause knee problems and swelling.
  • Take dietary supplements, such as glucosamine, which may be effective in reducing swelling and arthritic pain.

How to Prevent and Reduce Knee Swelling


If you have knee swelling or soreness that lasts longer than 48 hours, or is accompanied by intense pain or a fever, then you should seek medical attention where a proper diagnosis can be made and any underlying conditions ruled out.

Avoid putting weight on the sore, swollen knee as much as possible until the swelling has gone down.
Use a cold compress. Wrap some crushed ice in a cloth and keep it on your knee for 20 minutes on to help reduce swelling. Repeat this every 2-4 hours, and when using the compress, be sure to keep your knee elevated using pillows.

If you suffer from arthritis in the knee, then it is important to keep up with stretching and toning exercises. These exercises can help to warm and stretch the muscles and are especially useful after long periods of rest.

Regular exercise to improve muscle tone and fitness can be very beneficial. Remember not to push yourself too hard if you are unfit. Choose a gentle exercise that won’t cause pain such as yoga or swimming.

If you are over-weight then now is a great time to consider losing weight naturally. Excess weight places extra pressure on all the joints and muscles, especially those in the knees and ankles.

Massage is a great alternative treatment to complement other treatments for knee swelling, as therapeutic touch helps release endorphins and other pain-relieving chemicals, plus supports healthy circulation to promote.