Right Knee Pain: Causes And Choosing Support

Right Knee Pain: Causes And Choosing Support

Pain in the right knee

Right Knee Pain Causes And Choosing Support

There are a couple of common causes of knee pain in runners. The first is called patellofemoral pain syndrome (runner's knee). This is basically a degeneration of the cartilage in the knee cap (patella) due to misalignment of the knee cap with repetitive motion. The pain is usually under the knee cap or on the inside edge. Treatment for patellofemoral pain syndrome involves cutting back on high impact exercise, stretching exercises to loosen the calf and hamstring muscles, and straight leg raises (avoid anything that puts pressure on a bent knee). Shoes to correct pronation may also be needed.

The second is called iliotibial band syndrome. This is an overuse injury of the band of tissue running down the outside edge of the thigh and knee. The pain is usually on the outside edge of the knee cap. In addition to cutting down on running, especially running on inclines, stretching exercises to loosen the iliotibial band are important (you can talk to your personal trainer or gym coach to help you with these exercises). I recommend talking to your primary care doctor or a sports medicine doctor to obtain a definitive diagnosis and for more help deciding how best to treat the problem.

Choosing the Right Knee Support

Closed Patellar Knee Support

This knee support is generally used to help control slight swelling of the knee and can also be used for jogging or brisk walking. Commonly used with knee pain that is difficult to isolate the area of pain. However, due to the “closed” nature of this knee support, it is not recommended for daily use if you’ve got to climb stairs or squatting. This is because it would compress your knee cap (Patellar bone) against your thigh bone when your knee is bent more than 45o thus increasing the risk of degeneration of the knee cap and increasing your pain.

Patellar tendon support

Commonly for people who complain of pain over the patellar tendon on running or jumping. Purpose of this support is to compress the patellar tendon to dissipate the strain to across the whole tendon and thus decreases pain.

Open Patellar Knee Support

Similar indication to the closed patellar knee support but this can be used for daily use as it doesn’t compress your knee cap. Recommended for people who have pain behind their knee cap with difficulty climbing stairs or squatting.

Hinged Knee Support

Generally prescribe by orthopedic surgeons or sports physicians for athletes with ligament damage that has been repaired to increase stability and to protect the ligament. This is the ONLY type of support that should be worn every waking hour until advised to remove either by your surgeon or physiotherapist. This support however is not allowed for most sports due to the metal parts of the support.

Adjustable Stabilizing Knee Support

This type of knee support would be suitable for sports if there is no metal support. Normally recommended for athletes who have recovered from ligament injuries and are just starting to go back to sports but still have a slight fear. Gives athletes a fair amount of support.