Severe Asthma Symptoms Are A Serious Issue

Severe Asthma Symptoms Are A Serious Issue


Asthma is a disease which blocks the air passage making the chest feel congested and making it difficult for the patient to breath. An asthma attack could vary from person to person as all the attacks have different variations. Some may experience a mild attack while other get severe attack which may at time be life threatening. These kinds of attacks generally last from a few to several minutes. The treatment varies as there are both long term treatments as well as a quick relief medication which works instantaneously. 

Severe Asthma Symptoms


With an acute severe asthma exacerbation, patients may be restless, agitated, orthopneic, tachypneic, breathing through pursed lips with a prolonged expiratory phase, using accessory muscles of respiration. They may be diaphoretic, cough frequently, have audibly wheezing and be cyanotic. Cyanosis occurs only with profound arterial oxygen desaturation and is a grave sign that appears late in the course of severe asthma.
  • Severe Wheezing
  • Trouble concentrating or talking
  • Severe Coughing
  • Physical Appearance
  • Night Time Trouble

Severe Asthma Symptoms Are A Serious Issue


In order to control the asthma or else keep it constant the patient would generally go for a long term medication which is taken on a daily basis. This helps control the swelling in the airway. For a case like an acute asthma attack quick relief medication is taken as it relaxes the bronchial smooth muscle. Maximum asthma medications are generally consumed orally or else through inhalation. A metered dose inhaler method is the most commonly used but now-a-days dry powder inhalers are also becoming very common among the patients. The nebulizer therapy is for those patients who are incapable of using metered dose inhalers because of certain difficulties with coordination. There is no such cure for asthma but it can be proscribed with an appropriate asthma management. 

Severe Asthma Symptoms Are A Serious Issue

It is important to be absolutely clean hygienically if a person is suffering for asthma. There should no such dust in the house itself as it causes major attacks for patients. Being in a heavy polluted area should always be avoided. All air conditioners in the house should be checked and serviced on a regular basis. An inhaler should always be at close proximity. Maximum people complain that they get attacks at higher altitudes that is so because the air is much thinner there and making it difficult for the patient to breath in that kind of an environment. 

Patients should be careful of isolated wheeze, a wheeze with dyspnoea, exercise dyspnoea, wheezing in the absence of cold, nocturnal chest tightness, a nocturnal cough, chronic phlegm and chronic cough. The most important ones found are wheezing, a hyper inflated chest, tachypnea, tachycardia, cyanosis and allergic rhinitis or sinusitis. 

Asthma is a known to be a chronic inflammatory disorder. This disorder is of the airways which are associated with the airway hyper responsiveness which further leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness as well as coughing particularly at night and early in the morning. This happens when there is widespread but variable airflow obstruction which is often reversible either spontaneously or even with treatment. 

Two major groups of medication exist for controlling the asthma-anti-inflammatory as well as the bronchodilators. The inflammatory cells go down in number in the airways as the anti inflammatory decreases. This prevents the blood vessels from leaking fluid into the airways tissues. Reducing the inflammation would reduce the impulsive spasm of the airway muscle as well. Most of the time the anti inflammatory is used as a defense mechanism in order to reduce the risk of an acute asthma attack. Bronchodilators on the other hand work by escalating the diameter of the air passages and thus easing the flow of gases to and from the lungs as well.