Signs Symptoms and treatment of Anemia

Signs Symptoms and treatment of Anemia


Signs of Anemia, Symptoms of AnemiaaDefinition of Anemia/What is Anemia:


Anemia signs and symptoms and causes Anemia may be defined as a state in which the blood hemoglobin level is below 13.5 g/dl in an adult male and below 11.5 g/dl in an adult female.

Symptoms Of Anemia:


Those problems which can be described a patient are called symptoms. For-example a patient can tell a doctor that he has fever, head ache, back pain, abdominal pain etc, All these are symptoms.
Symptoms of Anemia are given below:
Fatigue
Headache
Faintness
Breathlessness
Angina of effort
Palpitation
Intermittent claudication

Signs Of Anemia:


Signs are elicited by doctor or another person, patient may be unaware of them, for-example, a patient may tell you that he has fever, but he may not tell you that he has yellow or pale eyes or tachycardia (rapid heart beats). So, yellow or pale eyes and tachycardia are signs.
Signs of Anemia are given below:
Non-specific Signs of Anemia:
Following signs can be present in anemia of all types
Anemia signs conjuctiva looks pale
Paler skin, conjunctiva & mucous membrane
Tachycardia
High volume pulse
Ankle edema
Heart failure
Systolic flow murmur

Specific Signs of Anemia:


Following signs are present in specific types of anemia (not in all types), So these are specific signs of anemia.
Spoon shaped nails in iron deficiency anemia
Koilonychia (spoon shaped nails) - in iron deficiency.
Jaundice - in hemolytic anemia
Bone deformities - in thalassemia major
Leg ulcers - in sickle cell anemia

Treatment of Anemia




To treat anemia, it is necessary to treat the cause. If it caused by iron deficiency, giving iron tablets orally will correct the anemia, if it caused by blood loss, blood transformation will relieve the symptoms. If it is cause by folic acid deficiency, giving oral folic acid supplements will correct the anemia and so on.