Causes, Health Risks and Treatment of Snoring

Causes, Health Risks and Treatment of Snoring

Snoring is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound, due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping. In some cases the sound may be soft, but in other cases, it can be loud and unpleasant. Snoring during sleep may be a sign, or first alarm, of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Causes of Snoring:

Snoring may follow following causes:
1. Nasal obstruction: Deviated nasal septum, nasal polyp, benign or malignant tumor of nose and nasopharynx may cause nasal airway obstruction and snoring.
2. Alcohol and Sleeping pills: Alcohol and sleeping pills over-relax the soft palate. Soft plate is situated at back of the mouth and form its posterior roof. Relaxed soft palate may extend up to the pharynx and cause respiratory obstruction. It vibrates with air flow and sound of snoring is produced. Alcohol and sleeping pills over-relax the soft plate and may result in snoring.
3. Bulky palate and soft tissue: Obese people have bulky palate, uvula and other soft tissues. During sleep when the muscle tone in these bulky tissue decreases they extend to the pharynx and cause airway obstruction and snoring.
4. Abnormally long uvula and soft palate: Some people have abnormally longer uvula and soft plate. During sleep again when muscle tone relaxes, they block the airway and cause snoring.
other cause of snoring:
  • Throat weakness, causing the throat to close during sleep.
  • Mispositioned jaw, often caused by tension in the muscles.
  • Fat gathering in and around the throat.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea.
  • The tissues at the top of airways touching each other, causing vibrations.
  • Relaxants such as alcohol or drugs relaxing throat muscles.
  • Sleeping on one's back, which may result in the tongue dropping to the back of the mouth.

Health Risk of Snoring:

Snoring may be associated with sleep apnea. A condition in which there are regular breath pauses for few seconds.
Frequent waking: People who snore wake up from sleep several times during night. They may not aware of that.
They have higher risk of developing heart disease and hypertension
They remain dizzy, lazy and sleepy at day time due to poor sleep at night.

Treatment of Snoring:

Almost all treatments for snoring revolve around clearing the blockage in the breathing passage. This is the reason snorers are advised to lose weight (to stop fat from pressing on the throat), stop smoking (smoking weakens and clogs the throat) and sleep on their side (to prevent the tongue from blocking the throat). A number of other treatment options are also available, ranging from over-the-counter aids such as nasal sprays, nasal strips or nose clips, lubricating sprays, and "anti-snore" clothing and pillows, to such unusual activities as playing the didgeridoo.

If the cause of snoring is known, eliminate that cause. For example, correct the deviated nasal septum, get rid of alcohol and sleeping pills.
Continuous positive airway pressure device (CPAP device) has been proved to be effective in most of the people who are affected by snoring
Surgery: Surgery consist of removing of few millimeters of soft tissue from the back of mouth which cause respiratory obstruction during sleep.