Causes and Risk Factors of Slower Metabolism - tip for losing weight

Causes and Risk Factors of Slower Metabolism - tip for losing weight

Metabolism Converts Food into energy. Metabolism is a process in which carbohydrates, proteins and fats breakdown in to smaller particles which are then utilized by the body to produce energy. If you have a good metabolism then you will be more active and healthy. Some people have genetically inherited fast metabolism. Men tend to have better metabolism than women, because they are more muscular. There are various scientifically proven ways of accelerating the body metabolism. But first we will briefly discuss the causes of slow metabolism.

Causes of Slow Metabolism: Causes of slow metabolism

1. Hypothyroidism.

 Thyroid Hormone promotes utilization of carbohydrates, proteins and fats to produce energy. Deficiency of Thyroid hormone slows down metabolism: 4.6% of US population has hypothyroidism (JC-Endocrinology and metabolism. 2009). The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the metabolism and overall energy production. Therefore, it’s not uncommon for people with hypothyroidism to feel tired and sluggish and experience weight gain. Many people are convinced their weight gain stems from thyroid problems and are often surprised to find their thyroid function is completely normal when tested.

2. Diabetes:

Another condition that can be the cause of a slow metabolism is diabetes. It’s not completely clear why diabetics have slow metabolisms, but they seem to have more trouble taking off weight than non-diabetics. This may be related to their higher blood sugar levels which fools the body into believing there’s lots of energy around, resulting in a slow down in metabolism.

 Non-diabetic individuals can lose weight easily as compared to non-diabetics. Hyperglycemia mistakenly tells the body that there is lot of energy around, this in turn slows the metabolism.

3. Lack of muscle Mass: 

One of the most common causes of a slow metabolism is too much fat relative to muscle. Lean body tissue is more metabolically active than fatty tissue which creates a bump up in metabolism. Their greater lean body mass is one reason men have faster metabolic rates than women. Muscle tissue declines with age which is one factor contributing to middle-aged weight gain. Also, people who restrict calories excessively develop breakdown of muscle tissue which contributes to a sluggish metabolism.

4. Lifestyle

: Lack of exercise, lack of activity, lack of social interactions all affects the metabolism negatively.

5. Drugs: 

Steroids, antidepressants and antipsychotics slow down the metabolism and cause weight gain.

6. Cushing Syndrome:

 In Cushing syndrome there is higher level of circulating cortisol (a steroid). And one of the side effects of increase in cortisol is that it slows down the metabolism. According to a study, people affected by Cushing syndrome are obese and over-weight because of slower metabolism (Philippe chansona, Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 2010).

7. Genetics

Some people are blessed with a fast metabolism, but that certainly doesn’t mean that genetics is destiny.

Tip for losing weight

A regular exercise program that emphasizes both aerobic activity and resistance exercise to build lean body mass can do much to speed up a sluggish metabolism. If you’ve been to your doctor and there’s no medical reason for your metabolism to be slow, try adding some resistance training to build lean body mass and eat, smaller meals throughout the day to keep the metabolism functioning maximally. Adding intensity or interval training to your workout will help to keep metabolism elevated even after an exercise session. Make sure you eat an appropriate number of calories for your weight and activity level, and never go below 1200 calories per day even when dieting. You may not see results immediately, but if done consistently these changes can make a difference.