Brief explaination Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - COPD

Brief explaination Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - COPD


COPD is a respiratory disorder. in which patient feels difficulty in breathing, exhaustion, and apprehension.
difficulty in breathing copdAs the name suggests, in this disease there is obstruction in air pathway.


Possible Reasons for obstruction.:


1. dirt,
2, pollution
3, smoking
4. allergy
5. Repetitive respiratory  infections
most common causitive agents are dust, pollution and smoking

Brief Mechanism:


the harmful chemicals in smoking, dust etc enter

the lungs and destroy the air sacs so there will be less surface area available for gaseous exchange and it will lead to quick exhaustion.

moreover the dirt and chemicals will cause increase mucous production in air way which causes obstruction or narrowing of air pathway. it will again cause difficulty in breathing.

Treatment:


treatment is available. and patient is facilitated by exogenous drugs. disease can't be reversed but managed and further progress can be stopped

drugs used are bronchodilators (inhalers etc) mucolytic agents and behavioral changes (Avoid smoking, fresh air, morning walk etc)

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