Shingles - something to know

Shingles - something to know

Shingles on back
 Elderly, when the body's immune system is weakened, the virus has the opportunity to attack the body, causing a number of conditions, including shingles.

Cause of Shingles

Shingles also called displaced climbed disease, caused by the varicella zoster virus (VVZ) cause and this is also the virus that causes varicella (chickenpox).
VVZ after causing chickenpox will lay inactive form in the sensory nerves under the skin. After a long time for years, when the body's immune system is weakened, VVZ will attack the body causes shingles.

People with shingles may have the following symptoms:

- A burning sensation in the skin.

- Pain severe nerve where the virus resides.

- Appearance of blisters.

Depending on the direction of movement of the virus in the nerve, these blisters may appear in the following locations:
Shingleson hand

- On one side of the ribs.

- On one side of the neck.

- On a side arm.

- On one side of the face (can cause temporary paralysis of the facial muscles).

- In one eye (may cause corneal ulcers).
Shingles on face
After about a week, the blisters will scab dries and usually leave a scar (scar like chickenpox), but symptoms of pain can last for months or years.

The favorable factors for disease Shingles

- Age: Shingles usually occurs in people over age 50.

- People with stress (stress, anxiety, etc.).

- The body's immune system is weakened.

- People with leukemia, AIDS.

- People being treated with immunosuppressive drugs, anti-cancer drugs ...

Medication of Shingles

The drugs used in the treatment of shingles does not cure the disease but is used for the purpose of:

- Reduce time to get sick.

- Preventing the spread.

- Reduce the vulnerability of the blisters.

- Reduce the pain caused by inflammation of the nerves.

Consists of the following:

Antiviral drugs:

Acyclovir is effective antiviral drugs effective in the treatment of shingles, provided that the drug must be used within 48 hours of illness onset.

Acyclovir is presented in the following format:

- In the form of tablets or oral suspension.

- Lyophilized powder for intravenous injection.

- Body creams and ointments used on skin.

- In investigating eye ointment.

Common side effects when using the drug Acyclovir: nausea, vomiting, headache, abdominal pain ... For pregnant women and breastfeeding Acyclovir drug use need to be very cautious and the supervision of a physician.


Simple painkillers such as paracetamol, aspirin or group of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) as Ibuprofene, Diclophenac ... commonly used to relieve pain due to nerve damage caused. These drugs can also coordinate with codeine to increase the effective analgesic (paracetamol + codeine).

Some drugs, such as: Amitriptyline (tricyclic antidepressants), Gabapentin (anticonvulsant) and topical site contains Lidocaine (anesthetic), Capsaicin (the active ingredient in pepper) is also the physician collaboration analgesic use in the treatment of shingles.

Also, the addition of drugs that contain many vitamins (especially B vitamins) and minerals will help to strengthen the immune system and reduces the pain caused by inflammation of nerves.

For patients with persistent pain, lasting affect activities that medical treatment with drugs is not effective, surgical procedures to cut the damaged nerves will bring highly effective in the treatment.