Shingles - the disease risk factors

Shingles - the disease risk factors

 Read more: Shingles nerve: When do you need to see a doctor?


Varicella-zoster virus that causes chickenpox (smallpox, chickenpox) and herpes zoster (shingles, food, gender cow), but the infection of two completely different diseases.

- Both the active form of the virus and varicella zoster virus can cause chickenpox.
- The virus that causes shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cows) in the hidden state will never cause infection.

Chickenpox infection. Most people infected with varicella (chicken pox, varicella) is caused by exposure to these patients. Chickenpox usually infected through sneezing, coughing, and breathing. This disease is very contagious, so only very few people can be vaccinated to avoid this common disease when they come into contact with people who are sick.

Many people may also suffer from chickenpox by direct contact with a red rash of shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cow) if they have not been vaccinated or have had chickenpox (chicken pox, varicella). In such cases, transmission happens during the active virus, then emerging blisters on the skin but not formed flakes (you) dry. Herpes zoster (shingles, food, gender cow) spread from the blisters. People with shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cow) is not able to transmit the virus by breathing or during coughing.

Develop shingles. Shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cow) can develop from a state of reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus in people who have had chickenpox. In other words, the shingles will not be transmitted from person to person through the air or by direct contact with the blisters.

The risk of Varicella (chicken pox, chicken pox)

There are about 75 - 90% of chickenpox cases occur in children under 10 years of age. Before the vaccine was put into use, there are about 4 million cases of chickenpox were reported each year in the United States. However, after the varicella virus vaccine in use in the United States in 1995, the incidence of disease and hospitalizations due to chickenpox has decreased almost 90%.

This disease usually occurs in late winter and early spring months. It can also be transmitted by direct contact with open wounds. (Clothing, bedspreads, blankets, quilts, pillows, and other things that usually do not spread).

Patients with varicella (chickenpox, varicella) can transmit the disease for about two days before the red spots appear until the blisters heal. This phase lasts for about 5-7 days. After dry scab formed, the disease is no longer contagious.

Most schools allow students with chickenpox back 10 days after the illness began exploding. Some schools require students to stay home until the blisters disappeared completely, although this is not essential in preventing transmission capabilities.

Disease Risk Factors Causing Herpes Zoster (shingles, food, gender cow)

There are about 500 000 cases of shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cattle) occur each year in the United States. People who have had chickenpox (smallpox, chickenpox) are at risk for shingles. However, shingles occurs in about 10 - 20% of the adults in their lives, so there must exist a number of factors to increase the risk of such outbreaks.

The aging process. The risk of herpes zoster (shingles, food, gender cows) increased in the elderly, and the total number of cases will increase as the baby boomer generation (those born in the years 1946 - 1964) increase with age. One study estimated that a person reaches the age of 85 will have a 50% chance of herpes zoster infection (shingles, food, gender cow). The risk of post-herpes nerve pain (postherpetic neuralgia: pain lasting more than a month after a shingles infection) also have the highest rate in the elderly infected with shingles, and a significant increase after 50 years old. This painful condition is prolonged pain, and is the most worrisome complication of shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cow).

Immunosuppressed. People with immune systems weakened by diseases such as AIDS (AIDS) or cancer as a child, there will be a risk of herpes zoster (shingles, Good food, Good beef) with a high rate of than those with a healthy immune system. Herpes zoster occur in people with HIV-positive results may be a sign of AIDS (AIDS) to complete the development. Some drugs to treat the HIV virus, known inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes (protease inhibitor), may also increase the risk of developing herpes zoster.

Cancer. Cancer creates the risk of developing herpes zoster (shingles, food, gender cow) patients. People with Hodgkin's disease who are at highest risk (about 13 - 15% of patients develop shingles). About 7-9% of patients with tumor lym City, and about 1-3% of patients with other cancers, development of herpes zoster. Chemical treatment itself also increases the risk of herpes zoster.

Immunosuppressed drugs. The patient used a drug that inhibits the immune system are at risk to develop shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cow), as well as other infections. These medications include:

Azathioprine (Imuran)
Chlorambucil (Leukeran)
Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- Cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral)
Cladribine (Leustatin)
- Infliximab (Remicade)
- Adalimumab (Humira)

These drugs are used for the patient to perform an organ transplant, and is used for the treatment of severe autoimmune disease caused by the inflammation. These disorders include rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis: rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic disease), lupus erythematosus (systemic lupus erythematosus), diabetes (diabetes mellitus), multiple sclerosis brain tissue and marrow (multiple sclerosis), Crohn's disease, and chronic colitis (ulcerative colitis).

Risk Factors Causes Shingles in Children. 

Although most common in adults, but shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cow) sometimes develop in children. The children with weakened immune systems have the highest risk. Children with healthy immune systems, but have had chickenpox (smallpox, chickenpox) before 1 year of age, there are many risk for shingles.

Risk of relapse Shingles.

 Shingles (herpes zoster, food, gender cows) may recur, but the risk is quite low (about 1-5%). There is evidence that a shingles attack first will help to strengthen the immune system to prevent another bout of illness.

All herpes viruses share a number of characteristics, including a form of active symptoms, followed by the hidden state that can last for months, years, or even lifetime.