Treating leukemia by stem cell transplantation


Treating leukemia by stem cell transplantation

Light 15/7, the Central Institute of Blood Transfusion Haematology published succeeded in hematopoietic stem cell transplant first to treat leukemia. New way in which institutions to apply anti-cancer improves performance and reduces the risk of complications for the patient.

The patient is Nguyen Thi Lan (21 years, students of Hai Phong Medical University). 31/5, she passed hematopoietic stem cells taken from the sister. After 1 month of treatment and follow-up, she was discharged on 10/7 in a healthy condition, the test results did not find cancer cells. In the next 3 months, Lan will have to visit and retested every week.

Blood stem cell transplantation has been done quite a lot in Vietnam (as in the Central Hospital, 108 Hospital). However, according to master Bach Quoc Khanh, Deputy Director, Nguyen Thi Lan, have applied a new technique: When chemotherapy before transplantation, instead of marrow destroyed by high doses of chemicals, her students are tapered to react against transplant (transplanted cells against the body).

"Previously, this phenomenon scare people, but now there is evidence that goes along with it is the process of grafted cells to destroy cancer cells. Consequently, increased ability to cure" - Masters Khanh explained.

Another benefit of reducing the dose of the chemical that the patient is not in a sterile room to a few months due to not kill the marrow, the risk of death from septicemia minimized. The side effects of chemotherapy are limited.

To get blood stem cells, doctors do not provoke the donor's marrow, decanting from blood taken in the arm. If we take the fluid, the doctor will have general anesthesia for the donor, and poked several dozen times the necessary amount of new, painful, tired a lot.

Dr. Nguyen Anh Tri, Director of the Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, said that in the future, stem cells will become a routine technique in the hospital for the treatment of other forms of leukemia, the disease is increasing in Vietnam.

If other types of cancer can be treated with surgery, with this disease, it is not by blood by cells throughout the body. Without a bone marrow transplant, patients can only be treated with chemicals.

"This is a double-edged sword that any blades" - masters Bach Quoc Khanh said. Higher doses of chemicals that destroy cancer cells, but also predispose patients to fatigue, exhaustion, many people even death in the treatment process.