Leukemia: Diagnosis and treatment


Leukemia: Diagnosis and treatment

Blood cancers appear 300,000 new cases each year in the world (2.8% of all cancers) and 220,000 people died of blood cancer every year.

Many studies suggest that, with the use of mobile phones too much is the cause of blood cancer is increasing. Mobile wave effects on the bone marrow in the human brain increases the rate of leukemia than the rate of red blood cells. This is also a general warning for developing countries in Southeast Asia with mobile phone use habits.

Leukemia also briefly known as blood cancer or leukemia, the malignant cancer. This disease is the phenomenon of disease when the white blood cells in the human body increases dramatically. White blood cells in the body which make the task of protecting the body, they are also quite "aggressive", especially when this type of cell will increase the number of a sudden do they lack "food" and the phenomenon of red food. Red blood cells are destroyed gradually, so the patient will show signs of anemia leading to death. This is the only cancer does not produce tumors.

Common age for blood cancer under 15 is 21.7% and over 15 years of age is 78.2%. The number of major blood cancer patients aged 35-69 years.

Lead to blood cancer risk:


- Environmental pollution, radiation, high levels of radiation: atomic bomb, prolonged radiation treatment, X-rays, CT scans ...

- Tobacco

- Exposure to benzene in the workplace, the environment ... with both cigarette smoke and gasoline.

- Treatment of chemotherapy for cancer patients

- Disease Down syndrome

- The blood disorder

- Leukemia virus type 1 T cells in humans

- Genetic factors: very rare only a few people in the world. Recently a number of studies conclude that leukemia cancer or leukemia are not genetic factors.

Methods of diagnosis of leukemia


The diagnosis of lymphoma started in patients with a history and examination will include, but steps such as biopsy, CT scan, bone scan and PET / CT.

In addition, your doctor will test more about Histopathology Histopathology + flow cytometry, measuring Histopathology + line + chromosome cells for the purpose of holding the type of blood cancer to be able to make the best treatment regimen.

Leukemia is a complex disease can occur in many forms. Due to the variety of symptoms depending on the type of complications, so accurate and detailed diagnosis by experts is essential for timely treatment and appropriate.

Some blood cancer treatments


Currently the disease had some treatment but the effect is not very high compared to other cancers.

All results will be analyzed to make a clear diagnosis, determine the stage of lymph nodes and provide the most appropriate treatment regimen. The treatment given will depend on the stage of the disease and the overall health status of the patient. The traditional treatments for blood cancer include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, antibody treatment, and bone marrow, blood or stem cell transplant (stem cells) that produce hematopoietic substances.

The choice of the appropriate treatment for each patient depends on the following:

- Type of blood cancer (acute / chronic)

- Age of the patient

- The blood cancer cells are found in the cerebrospinal fluid.

- Features of the leukemia cells

- Symptoms and health of the patient

Blood cancer treatments are being applied in the following steps: chemotherapy, biological therapy, marrow / stem cell transplant, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, medication. The doctor can combine your 2 or more treatments.

- Chemotherapy: the use of drugs to kill leukemia cells by methods such as pills, injections, transfer, or injected into the cerebrospinal fluid in each cycle. Each cycle has a period of treatment and rest for patients to restore health.

- Targeted therapy: use of drugs to block the growth of leukemia cells.

Biological therapy: transfer of monoclonal antibodies into the patient to kill the leukemia cells, improve the body's natural defenses against disease or may slow the growth of economic blood cancer.

- Radiation therapy: Using the high-energy beams to kill leukemia cells.

- Rather marrow / stem cell transplant: after application of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, the patient will be healthy stem cells through a large vein. The new blood cells develop from stem cells (patient's own body or of any member of the family) was implanted and it will replace the cells destroyed in the course of previous treatment .

Side effects in the treatment of blood cancer:


- When blood cancer treatment by different methods lead to reduced levels of healthy blood cells, you are more likely to get infections, bruise or bleed easily, feeling weak and fatigue, hair loss, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, muscle cramps, rash, headache, body weakness.

- Some types of chemotherapy can cause infertility (can occur if treatment for patients under 15 years of age)

- It is possible to damage or change the sperm cells in men. If men are in their reproductive age should store sperm bank before treatment.

- For women with menstrual cycle changes, ovarian failure, poor ovulation, the temper ...

- The transplant / stem cell transplantation can lead to a reaction against the normal tissue of the patient. Some models can be eliminated or effects such as liver, skin, digestive ...