Cure 'white blood' children

Cure 'white blood' children


Leukemia levels or level loxemi (people called na leukemia) is a disease that increases the birth of a malignant nature. The primary non leukemia in the bone marrow, crowding out the production of normal blood and marrow infiltration in many parts of the body. For patients, this is not a disease incurable, but very expensive.


Leukemia is the most common malignancy of childhood cancer. At the Department of Clinical Hematology, Central Hospital, leukemia accounts for 45% of cancer in hospital and years of hospital received from 120 to 150 new patients.

This is a fatal disease, can cause death within 1 years of. Thanks to the advances of medical science for understanding disease, disease classification, treatment and application of genetic engineering, molecular biology, it is now over 60% of children with leukemia survived in the advanced countries and over 90% of children lived 3-5 years of.

In Vietnam, the years of there have been many advances in diagnosis and treatment but also met many difficult khǎn, results of treatment are limited, only 8-10% of affected children in the Central Children's Hospital with the conditions pursue a full treatment.

Leukemia Symptoms


Leukemia occur at any age, but common in children under 5 years of age, boys suffered more than girls. The disease usually begins with a fever and pale skin due to anemia. Characteristics of irregular fever symptoms include fever, high fever, at first deceptive fever caused by an infection, antibiotic treatment is not effective, intermittent fever, recurrent.

Fever is gradually blue, child fatigue, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, anemia. Anemia increased gradually, at first mild anemia, severe anemia, requiring blood transfusions several times.

Simultaneously with fever, anemia often show signs of bleeding, the skin shows red dotted bleeding, bruising patches, prone to nosebleeds, bleeding in the gums foot rǎng. In severe cases, gastrointestinal bleeding, especially intracranial bleeding and bleeding in the lungs causing death.

Also the expression on lymphadenopathy common to both sides of the neck, armpits, groin; splenomegaly and bone and joint pain. In many cases, bone pain easily confused with polyarthritis. If untreated, the disease progresses gradually heavier, more fever, severe anemia, bleeding, are at risk of death from severe bleeding and infection.

Leukemia Diagnosis


To determine the diagnosis should be based on blood tests marrow and peripheral blood. Peripheral blood expression reduced red blood cells and hemoglobin, white blood cells usually high gain, there are many young leukemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia.

Insert the probe marrow bone marrow to the blood test, see the increase marrow born, mostly increased many young leukemia, crowding out normal cells in the marrow line, as reducing red line, off line myelogenous leukemia normal and reduced platelet samples in fluid flow. Marrow blood test is meaningful test diagnostic decisions. So fun detect bone marrow test is required to diagnose.

Should make clear tips poked detect bone marrow does not cause seizures if guaranteed technique. Blood marrow can also be used to do some tests on immune, genetic, is essential for diagnosis and classification of diseases to help the user correct treatment.

Leukemia Treatment


Leukemia is classified into two lines, leukemia and lymphoma leukemia myeloid. In children, 70% of cases of leukemia lymphoma line, and 30% of myeloid leukemia. Lymphoid leukemia is generally more favorable treatment prognosis myeloid leukemia.

The treatment of leukemia is complex and intensive difficult khǎn as drugs, these drugs are more toxic and side effects; longer treatment time from 2-3 years of continuous treatment, to followed at a specialized facility

In addition to chemical drugs, patients need a blood transfusion, against infections bumper, a few need a bone marrow transplant, so the cost of treatment is high. So far, only about 8-10% of patients have fully accepted treatment conditions. Full treatment of acute leukemia, constantly in need of close cooperation between the hospital and the family, and the good organizing chǎm care.

Treatments include: Multi chemotherapy, supportive therapy including transmission of blood products and bone marrow transplant, if necessary, treatment and infection control. Also to note is that not all patients with acute leukemia have a bone marrow transplant, only a few cases need a bone marrow transplant.

During treatment, patients were followed in a hospital to assess disease progression, side effects, toxicity, treatment and complications of opportunistic infections, to adjust the treatment and management of time. Leukemia is a malignant disease, severe prognosis guarded.

Expenses for the treatment of acute leukemia is expensive, patients need to be supported by the health insurance and other humanitarian organizations.