Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects


Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Overview


Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) other names: Ch'ih Shen, Chinese Red Sage, Chinese Salvia, Dan Shen, Dan-Shen, Huang Ken, Pin-Ma Ts'ao, Racine de Salvia, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Radix Salvie Miltiorrhiae, Red Rooted Sage, Red Sage, Sage Miltiorrhiza, Salvia bowelyana, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Salvia przewalskii, Salvia Przewalskii Mandarinorum, Salvia Root, Salvia yunnanensis, Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Sauge Rouge, Sauge Rouge Chinoise, Shu-Wei Ts'ao, Tan Seng, Tan-Shen, Tzu Tan-Ken.

Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) flower


The herb called the dan shen is a native of Mongolia and Manchuria in East Asia; the dan shen is a very hardy and tough perennial mint growing in large areas of East Asia - where the dan shen is cultivated for a variety of uses. The dan shen can reach up to thirty two inches or eighty centimeters tall, the oval leaves of the dan shen bear characteristic toothed edges and the the dan shen also has very distinctive clusters of purple flowers when in bloom. Herbal remedies are made mainly from the root of the dan shen which is normally harvested starting in the late autumn through to the early spring of the next year. The root of the dan shen is also very distinctive in morphology and is has a purplish-black and coarse interior, with the presence of numerous small white spots within its tissues.



Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Health Benefits


Dan shen is an herb. People use the root of the dan shen to make medicine.

Dan shen is used for circulation problems, “brain attack” (stroke), chest pain (angina pectoris), and other diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Dan shen is also used for menstrual disorders, chronic liver disease, and trouble sleeping caused by complaints such as rapid heartbeat and tight chest. Some people use dan shen for skin conditions including acne, psoriasis, and eczema. Dan shen is also used to relieve bruising and to aid in wound healing.

The main use of the herbal remedies made from the dan shen is in the role of a tonic for the heart in affected patients. The herbal remedy ensures the cardiac muscles maintain a regular rhythm and also tones and strengthens the heart at the same time - helping it maintain a steady and regular beat. The remedy is also helpful and beneficial to the overall functioning of the other organs within the body of patients such as the liver where it helps stimulates the secretion of bile and aids in hepatic function. The functioning of the thyroid gland is also believed to be helped and benefited by the dan shen, the remedy is believed to stimulate and promote the secretion from the gland, supporting the over all functioning of the thyroid in the body.

Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) root


The herbal remedies made from the dan shen were used extensively in many cultures as traditional plant based medicine, as an analgesic herb, to beat back pain arising from injury to the body. The nerve cells which suffer damage from free-radicals are also believed to be protected by the herbal remedy. For this anti-oxidative function, the herbal remedy could be beneficial in patients by preventing the damages to the body arising from alcohol and drug abuse in the long term.

The following disorders and conditions are treatable using the peculiar beneficial effects of the dan shen: angina, long term atherosclerosis, and traumatic conditions such as stroke. The main ways, in which the herbal dan shen extracts can help in such conditions lies in their ability to bring about relaxation in the smooth muscles supporting the coronary arteries, the result is an increase in the circulation of blood to the heart and improvement in the cardiac muscles performance. The chemical known as tanshinone IIA1, is found in the dan shen herb, this particular compound is actually able to slow the rate of nerve impulse transmission within the heart muscles, these results in an overall reduction in the pulse rate, and the heart's ejection fraction is also correspondingly increased at the same time. In some instances the percentage of available cardiac blood that is pumped by the hearts main chamber into the circulatory blood vessels at each diastole is increased by the compound - resulting in greater circulatory output and improved blood flow within the body of the patient.

The other use of the herbal remedy made from the dan shen is as a clot busting agent in the blood stream, the active compounds within the herb help in inhibiting the formation of clots, at the same time, this herbal also aids in reducing the total blood cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels - keeping the overall levels of both harmful lipids within healthy ranges. As mentioned before, the dan shen herb is a very efficient anti-oxidant and aids in protecting the heart tissues and the nerve cells from a form of free-radical damage called reperfusion injury, that can often come about following restoration of blood circulation after a sudden heart attack or a stroke, the herbal remedy carries out this beneficial effect by increasing the performance of the essential nutrient vitamin E in the blood - the dan shen herb also increases the beneficial effect of unsaturated fatty acids and keeps the heart healthy. 

Support for the use of dan shen based remedies for problems such as angina, stroke, and phlebitis has come from clinical researchers in China, who saw significant improvements in patients taking dan shen during the controlled tests. The probable inhibition by the dan shen in the recurrence of blockages following angioplasty has also been demonstrated in surgical trials involving animal test subjects. The herbal remedy based on the dan shen herb has also been seen to benefit individuals suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome – or CFS. The dan shen herb changes the rate at which the body absorbs and uses the mineral copper in metabolic processes; this has implications for blood clot formation in the human body and also has implications for chronic fatigue syndrome affected individuals.

The active chemical compounds found in the dan shen herb slow down the production of a blood clotting protein called fibrin, this compound is the "rope" or surface along which new blood clots are normally suspended and is very important to the success of clotting. What these results mean for individuals affected by chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), is that the herb precludes the formation of blood clots enabling the maintenance of normal blood pressure in the circulatory system - this physiological action indirectly helps the brain to keep receiving enough oxygen necessary for normal functioning and overall fatigue in the system is beaten back. 

The dan shen herbal remedies can also be used in the treatment of fibroids - also called uterine myomas - and various related menstrual problems in women. As an herbal remedy, the dan shen can prove to be very beneficial in the short term treatment of uterine fibroids and also in the treatment of skipped menstrual cycles. The ability of the herbal remedy to ease congestion in the pelvic region of women is acknowledged by many authorities of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM); these experts say that the dan shen "releases" the congealed blood in the body, evident in the dark red clots found in the menstrual flow - it thus helps in eliminating clotted blood from the body. The dan shen based herbal remedies are also extremely helpful in the treatment of disorders such as hepatitis and long term liver damage affecting different patients. Chronic cases of hepatitis have been shown to be effectively treated by the dan shen in clinically measured trails. The fibrosis of the liver is also experimentally seen to be treatable using the herbal dan shen remedies - the herb acts to suppress and preclude fibrosis in the liver of affected patients.

Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Side effects


Dan shen is possibly safe when taken by mouth by most people. Dan shen can cause some side effects, including itching, upset stomach, and reduced appetite.

There is some concern that dan shen might also cause drowsiness, dizziness, and a blood condition called thrombocytopenia. But there isn't enough information to know for sure if dan shen causes these side effects.

Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Dan Shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza) plant

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking dan shen if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Bleeding disorders: There is a concern that dan shen might increase the risk of bleeding. If you have a bleeding disorder, don’t use it.

Low blood pressure: Dan shen might lower blood pressure. In theory, taking dan shen might make blood pressure become too low in people with low blood pressure.

Surgery: Dan shen might slow blood clotting, so there is a concern that dan shen might increase the risk of extra bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using dan shen at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.


Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects


Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Overview


Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) other names: Angelica China, Angelica sinensis, Angelica polymorpha var. sinensis, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Angélique Chinoise, Angélique de Chine, Chinese Angelica, Dang Gui, Danggui, Danguia, Don Quai, Kinesisk Kvan, Ligustilides, Radix Angelicae Gigantis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Tang Kuei, Tan Kue Bai Zhi, Tanggwi, Toki.

The herbal product made from the Chinese angelica, also commonly called the dong quai, the dang gui, or the tang kuei is derived from the root of the Chinese herb - the Angelica polymorpha Maxim - botanical name. The variety of the species is sinensis Oliv. The chinese angelica is also known as A. sinensis (Oliv.), and it is a member of the plant family Apiaceae common in and native to China. The herbal remedies and herbal medication prepared from chinese angelica has a mildly laxative effect on people, while, Chinese angelica is used primarily as a uterine tonic in women, Chinese angelica is also used as an antispasmodic herbal agent, and Chinese angelica is also used for its alterative-or blood purifying-effects, which are said to be very beneficial to affected patients.

Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) plant


This herbal remedy is very often suggested to patients by many modern herbalists to be used in the treatment of the majority of gynecological ailments and disorders, these conditions can include persistent menstrual cramps, the presence of some irregularity or a retarded menstrual flow, and to treat physical weakness during the menstrual period of affected women. While the use of the Chinese angelica is not suggested in pregnant women, the remedy is also said provide physical relief from the many symptoms which occur during the process of menopause in women. The remedy is also known to be useful in the treatment of disorders such as hypertension and additionally, it is said to possess very effective antispasmodic properties in individuals afflicted by muscular spasms. The Chinese angelica is also used to induce blood purification and to provide nourishment, for which it has a great reputation-and lastly, Chinese angelica has also been used in the treatment of constipation in individuals affected by this disorder.

Chinese angelica has been put under chemical investigation, and the Chinese angelica is now known to possess at least seven different coumarin derivatives, these include the chemical compound oxypeucedanin, the compound osthole, the compound imperatorin, the compound psoralen, and bergapten-all of these compounds were present in the Chinese angelica samples. The majority of chemical coumarins or its derivatives have known actions as vasodilators and antispasmodics in the human body, at the same time, a few of the others, such as the compound osthole, induce a stimulating effect on the central nervous system in the human body. The very presence of these chemical compounds therefore, accounts for at least some of the purported activities ascribed to Chinese angelica.

The Chinese angelica is extensively cultivated in China and Japan, where it is a native plant and is well regarded for its herbal properties. The Gansu province in China produces crops with the best rhizomes for medicinal utilization. The rhizomes are usually reaped in the autumn, following the sowing of seeds in the spring.


Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Health Benefits


Chinese angelica is a plant. People use the root of Chinese angelica to make medicine.

Chinese angelica is used for menstrual cramps, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and menopausal symptoms. Chinese angelica is also used orally as a ”blood purifier”; to manage hypertension, infertility, joint pain, ulcers, “tired blood” (anemia), and constipation; and in the prevention and treatment of allergic attacks. Chinese angelica is also used orally for the treatment of loss of skin color (depigmentation) and psoriasis.

While it is also used in the treatment of disorders related to men, the remedies made from the Chinese angelica is considered to be the best Chinese tonic herb for women-with respect to such female disorders, the herb is very highly valued as a blood tonic in the Eastern world. Some of the positive effects associated with the herbal remedies made from the Chinese angelica include the regulation of hormones, the regulation and control of the menstruation, the herbal remedy is also supposed to be able to bring about recovery from delayed or suppressed menstrual periods, it is also said to relieve the symptoms associated with menstrual cramps, and the herbal remedy can also be used during the period of menopause to treat various symptoms which may affect the woman. 

The Chinese angelica herb can be eaten raw or taken in the form of a herbal tincture, the remedy also aids in relaxing the strained muscles in the uterus, and when it is used with water it can result in bringing about better toning in the uterine muscles and in bringing about stimulation to the uterine contractions, the herbal remedy can also lead to an increase in the circulation of blood in the uterine area and aids in relieving congestion which occurs along the pelvic region of the woman. Ideally, this remedy must not be taken by women who are under the term of pregnancy as it can cause potential side effects in the body.

The warming effects and the stimulating or antispasmodic abilities of the Chinese angelica are best brought forth when the herb is cooked before consumption. Some of the other beneficial physical effects of the Chinese angelica herb include helping improve the circulation in the body, the herbal remedy also speeds up tissue repair, it effectively lowers blood pressure, and can slow the pulse down, the herbal remedy can also aid in preventing disorders like atherosclerosis and blood clots from developing in the body and its ability to relax the cardiac muscles of the heart is also useful in treating certain disorders. 

Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) root


The sedative actions of the Chinese angelica are also taken advantage off in various treatment methodologies. The nourishing effects of the Chinese angelica, Chinese angelica high content of major vitamins, and its actions and aid in the absorption and utilization of the vitamin E from the diet are other beneficial properties. Remedies made from the Chinese angelica are also utilized to control and treat disorders such as anemia and the angina which affects the heart.

In addition, the herbal Chinese angelica remedy has an ability to stabilize the blood sugar levels in patients, while enhancing the functioning of the immune system at the same time. The bactericidal, the antiviral and the antifungal properties of the Chinese angelica are also useful in counteracting a whole range of other infections which can affect a person, these include common colds and flu which strike patients on a regular basis. The blood purification properties of the Chinese angelica is considered to be a very valuable ability of the Chinese angelica and the remedy also has a moistening effect useful in relieving the constipation affecting the patients. 

The rejuvenating properties of the Chinese angelica are another useful property of the herb and the Chinese angelica is also helpful in relieving the symptoms of arthritis and rheumatic pain in the affected individual. The other properties of the tonic form of the Chinese angelica is useful during convalescence, and its use as a herbal remedy is suggested to help speed the recovery process and also to increase the energy of a woman following the rigors of childbirth and labor.

The herbal remedies made from the Chinese angelica are very famous in China as a herbal tonic, this herbal tonic is taken to treat many "deficient blood" conditions, these can include anemia, and the remedy is also used to treat the symptoms of anemia occurring because of loss of blood- resulting in a very pale complexion, in palpitations, and those resulting in a lowered vitality in the body.

The remedy derived from Chinese angelica causes a "warming" effect and this herb is often known as a “warming” herb, it thus brings about an improvement in the circulation to the abdominal area, and to the areas of the body such as the hands and the feet of the affected individual. The consumption of the herbal remedy also results in strengthening of the digestive system and the process of digestion at the same time, the herbal remedy is also very useful in the effective treatment of all abscesses and boils which may affect an individual.

Some men apply Chinese angelica to the skin of the penis as part of a multi-ingredient preparation for treating premature ejaculation.


Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Side effects


Chinese angelica is possibly safe for adults when taken by mouth and when occasionally applied to the skin as an ingredient in a cream. More evidence is needed to determine its safety after prolonged or repeated use.

Chinese angelica can cause skin to become extra-sensitive to the sun. This might put you at greater risk for skin cancer. Wear sun block outside, especially if you are light-skinned.

Taking Chinese angelica in large amounts for a long period of time is possibly unsafe. Chinese angelica contains chemicals that are considered to be cancer-causing (carcinogens).

Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Chinese Angelica (Angelica Sinensis syn. A. Polymorpha) flower

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Taking Chinese angelica by mouth during pregnancy is possibly unsafe for the baby. Chinese angelica seems to affect the muscles of the uterus. There is also one report linking an herbal combination that contained Chinese angelica with birth defects in a baby whose mother took the combination during the first three months of pregnancy. Don’t use Chinese angelica if you are pregnant. There isn’t enough information about the safety of using Chinese angelica during breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and don’t use it.

Bleeding disorders: Chinese angelica might slow blood clotting. In theory, Chinese angelica might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding in people with bleeding disorders.

Hormone-sensitive conditions such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Chinese angelica might act like estrogen. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, don’t use Chinese angelica.

Protein S deficiency: People with protein S deficiency have an increased risk of forming blood clots. There is some concern that Chinese angelica might increase the risk of clot formation in these people because it has some of the effects of estrogen. Don’t use Chinese angelica if you have protein S deficiency.

Surgery: Chinese angelica can slow blood clotting. Chinese angelica might increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop taking Chinese angelica at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
















Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects


Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Overview


Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) other names: Damiana Aphrodisiaca, Damiana Herb, Damiana Leaf, Damiane, Feuille de Damiana, Feuille de Damiane, Herba de la Pastora, Houx Mexicain, Mexican Damiana, Mizibcoc, Old Woman's Broom, Oreganillo, Rosemary, Thé Bourrique, Turnera aphrodisiaca, Turnera diffusa, Turnera diffusa var. aphrodisiaca, Turnerae Diffusae Folium, Turnerae diffusae herba, Turnera microphyllia.

Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) picture


The ancient Mayan civilization utilized the damiana herb as a traditional aphrodisiac, and the people of Central America where the Mayan civilization was based utilize it to this day. As herbal tonic as well as an aphrodisiac, the damiana herb remains in continued use and is considered very valuable for its stimulatory action, as well as its tonic like effect on the body. This is the reason, that the herb action is such a valuable remedy for people affected by a mild depression to this day - herbalist will normally suggest the remedies made from this herb. The damiana herb is a very strong and aromatic herb, damiana has a slight bitter taste, and the leaves of the damiana herb are used in countries such as Mexico to substitute for tea leaves and furthermore, the damiana herb is also used as a flavoring agent for a variety of liqueurs.

Different preparations can be made from the leaves of the damiana herb, it can be taken in the form of an herbal tea or they can even be smoked like tobacco, the use of any of these derivatives will induce a relaxed state of mind in the individual using them. The damiana herb will also induce a subtle kind of high tinged with sexual overtones, and the effect is a little reminiscent of the effects induced by smoking marijuana. Women are supposed to be much more highly effected by the medication especially, when they use it over a long period of time. Mexico produces some well known damiana liqueurs, which are subtly advertised as aphrodisiacs, these liquids contain only very minute quantities of the herb, though they are reputed to be very effective. Moreover, the amount of herb infused into the liquor is sufficient, and give these beverages a distinctive herbal flavor.

The damiana herb is a native of the Gulf of Mexico and regions of southern California and is also found in the wild in some of the northern Caribbean Islands, and in Namibia. In these areas, cultivation of the damiana occurs on a significant scale and the damiana herb is also found growing wild. The ideal habitat preferred by the damiana herb is a hot and humid climate. The damiana herb flowers in the summer, when the harvesting of the leaves is carried out.


Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Health Benefits


Damiana is a wild shrub that grows in Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. The leaf and stem are used to make medicine. Historically, Damiana was used mostly to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac).

The action of the damiana herb lies mainly in its ability to act as a tonic and as a restorative agent on the functioning of the nervous system in affected patients. In addition, the damiana herb has a traditional reputation as an aphrodisiac agent. The tonic property of the herbal remedy is connected to the main chemical constituent, called thymol; this compound has an antiseptic and tonic action on the body.

Damiana is used to treat headache, bedwetting, depression, nervous stomach, and constipation; for prevention and treatment of sexual problems; boosting and maintaining mental and physical stamina; and as an aphrodisiac.

Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) plant


The herbal properties of the damiana are technically, what is known as thymoleptic - that is, they possess a life enhancing and stimulating action on the body and mind of the affected person. This herbal remedy is normally prescribed for the treatment of individuals who are suffering from mild to moderate depression, including those who are affected by any long term nervous exhaustion. Affected individuals benefit from its stimulatory and restorative properties, thus the herbal remedy is considered extremely valuable when treating disorders such as anxiety and depression, especially when these affect the person at the same time. This sort of situation often happens following long term exposure to stress.

Traditionally the damiana has been linked to disorders affecting men, largely due to its strong testosterogenic quality, hence, the damiana herb has always been principally considered as being useful for men. The damiana herb is known to be helpful in the treatment of conditions such as premature ejaculation and long term impotence in men. However, the damiana herb is not exclusively for men and it is clearly beneficial to both sexes, men and women can take advantage of its beneficial properties, the damiana herb is known to have a restorative effect on the reproductive organs of both sexes.

Women affected by very painful and delayed periods are usually prescribed herbal remedies made from the damiana, and the damiana herb is also used specifically for the treatment of persistent headaches which are connected to menstruation in women.

The damiana possesses both a diuretic and urinary antiseptic action, it is very effective in the treatment of urinary infections, including cases of cystitis and urethritis affecting patients. The main effect of the damiana herb comes about by the action of the chemical compound known as arbutin that is chemically converted into a form known as hydroquinone, which works as a strong urinary antiseptic, along the internal urinary tubules and results in the alleviation of the conditions. The chemical compound is also seen in a number of other useful herbs, the uva-ursi is one good example.

The mildly laxative action of the damiana is another important property it possesses as an herbal remedy; the damiana herb is very effective in the treatment of persistent constipation which is caused by a poor muscle tone in the bowel musculature.

Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Side effects

Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Damiana (Turnera Diffusa) flower


Damiana is likely safe when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in foods. Damiana is possibly safe when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts, but there have been serious side effects. Convulsions and other symptoms similar to rabies or strychnine poisoning have been reported after taking 200 grams of damiana extract.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding:There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking damiana if you are pregnant or breast feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Diabetes: Damiana might affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use damiana.

Surgery: Since damiana seems to affect blood glucose levels, there is a concern that it might interfere with blood glucose control during and after surgery. Stop using damiana at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.




Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects


Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Overview


Sage (Salvia Officinalis) other names: Common Sage, Dalmatian Sage, Feuille de la Bergère, Garden Sage, Herbe Sacré, Meadow Sage, Salvia lavandulaefolia, Salvia officinalis, Sauge, Sauge Ananas, Sauge des Prairies, Sauge Divinatoire, Sauge Divine, Sauge Domestique, Sauge Officinale, Scarlet Sage, Spanish Sage, True Sage, Vraie Sauge.

Considered all across the world as a valuable culinary spice, and cultivated everywhere, the sage is a perennial shrub that grows best in its wild state in Europe and in the Mediterranean areas of the world. The sage consists of a strongly branched root system, which produces square and finely hairy sterns. These are woody at the base and bear oblong leaves. The floral leaves of the sage are ovate to ovate-lanceolate. The flowers of the sage are small and two-lipped and they grow in whorls. The flowers of the sage are blue, purple or white in color.

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Sage (Salvia Officinalis) flower


The versatile sage can be used for bringing in quick relief from a variety of ailments, both minor and major. For example, to gain immediate relief from itching and swelling accompanying insect bites, a few fresh sage leaves can be plucked, and then crushed or even chewed. When mixed with a little saliva, the sage leaves can make an excellent poultice, albeit crude and wet. This can then be applied to the affected area, and secured in place with the help of common adhesive tape.

When one is suffering from symptoms like sore throat, tonsillitis or loss of voice or from mucus accumulation leading to congested lungs, then sage would be the best bet for providing immediate relief. Sage tea can be used in these cases.

While it may be true that more and more mothers of today believe in breast feeding their infants, so that the infant remains healthy and free from infections, it is also a fact that not many mothers are aware of how exactly they can stop nursing their babies when they are old enough and need to be weaned. Mothers keep producing extra milk, and this becomes completely unneeded when the babies are off the breast. This is when sage can help; two cups of warm sage tea a day for up to 7 days is quite capable of drying up the milk supply quite nicely.

Similarly, an old folk remedy from Nassau in the Bahamas, which uses sage will prove to be immensely useful whenever one suffers from any type of intense and unbearable itching, whether it has been caused by an insect bite, or whether it is due to an allergic reaction. Sage can also help in cases of general nervousness, eczema and psoriasis or coming in contact with poison ivy or sumac.

Sage is often used for actually taking away gray hair. This may be excellent to use because of the fact that it is completely natural, and is therefore free of any chemicals in any form. There are some people who vouch for the efficacy of sage in treating hair conditions; bald spots have filled with hair and at the very least, they have reported noticing an overall improvement in the tone and the texture and the color of one's hair.

Although sage is considered native to the Mediterranean regions, sage can be cultivated all over the world, and sage grows in the wild in a large number of places in the world. Garden sage will grows best when it is planted in well-drained, nitrogen-rich clay loam, preferably near a wall.

Sage will thrive in bright and open sunlight, but the shrub will also tolerate a certain amount of light shade. Over watering must be avoided at any cost, because this would stunt growth, and quietly kill the roots of the plant. The sage can be propagated by seeds, layering, and cuttings.


Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Health Benefits

Sage is an herb. The leaf of sage is used to make medicine.

Sage is used for digestive problems, including loss of appetite, gas (flatulence), stomach pain (gastritis), diarrhea, bloating, and heartburn. It is also used for reducing overproduction of perspiration and saliva; and for depression, memory loss, and Alzheimer's disease.

Sage can be used for all types of sore throats. This is because of the fact that sage has antiseptic and astringents as well as certain relaxing properties, and this is one of the main reasons why sage is used rather frequently in gargles. Sage is also used for treating and bringing relief to sore gums and canker sores. Sage is often described as a digestive tonic, and as a stimulant, and in Chinese medicine, sage enjoys a good reputation as a versatile nerve tonic, as it is used as a yin tonic for helping to calm and stimulate the nervous system. 

Women use sage for painful menstrual periods, to correct excessive milk flow during nursing, and to reduce hot flashes during menopause.

Sage is also an excellent remedy for treating irregular and light menstruation, and this is achieved by encouraging a better flow of blood. Sage is excellent for handling the various symptoms of menopause, as the herb is effective for reducing sweating, a primary indication of menopause. Sage, because it has a combination of tonic and estrogenic effects, is deemed as an excellent remedy for reducing hot flashes while at the same time helping the body to adapt to the hormonal changes involved. Sage has also been used traditionally to treat asthma, while the dried leaves of the herb can be included in herbal smoking mixtures for treating asthma.

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Sage (Salvia Officinalis) leaf


Sage is considered to be one of the most valued herbs right through the ages. Sage is used by herbalists to treat a wide variety of conditions ranging from colds and fevers and other similar infections, and it is generally advised that sage must be taken at the first signs of any respiratory infections, like for example, asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis and catarrh. Sage also relieves tonsillitis. Since the sage possesses astringent and expectorant properties, these help expel phlegm from the chest and reduce catarrh. The airways can be disinfected by a simple process of inhaling the tea prepared with sage. Sage generally enhances the immune system and provides help in thwarting and preventing infections and auto-immune problems in an individual.

Sage is applied directly to the skin for cold sores; gum disease (gingivitis); sore mouth, throat or tongue; and swollen, painful nasal passages.

Some people inhale sage for asthma.

Sage has volatile oils which have the capacity to induce a relaxant effect on the smooth muscle of the digestive tract, and this is the reason why sage is known as a digestive remedy too. The volatile oils of sage, in conjunction with the bitters, prove to stimulate the appetite and improve weak digestion. Sage successfully encourages the flow of bile and digestive enzymes, and settles one's stomach, sage relieves flatulence, colic, colitis, indigestion, and nausea. It also proves extremely useful in treating and relieving liver complaints, and worms. Antiseptic properties of sage are helpful in infections such as gastroenteritis. 

The sage is a tonic to the nervous system and has often been used to enhance strength and vitality in an individual. As mentioned earlier, sage has a stimulating effect upon the female reproductive tract, and is often recommended by herbalists for treating female disorders such as delayed or scanty menses, menstrual cramps, infertility and lack of periods. The estrogenic properties of the herb become very useful for treating menopausal problems, especially for night sweats and hot flashes. Since it is a fact that sage stimulates the uterus, it is no surprise that it can be very useful during childbirth, and for expelling the placenta after childbirth. Sage can also stop the flow of breast milk and therefore, it is excellent for weaning.

Sage possesses potent antioxidant properties, and this proves to be helpful in bringing about a delay in the aging process and in reducing the harmful effects of free radicals.

In foods, sage is used as a commonly used spice.

In manufacturing, sage is used as a fragrance component in soaps and cosmetics.

Sage can be used to season foods such as gravies, poultry, pickles, stews or soups. It is a fact that garden sage will help and aid digestion; therefore it is a wise idea to use the sage when cooking fatty meats such as pork, duck or sausages. Sage can also be used for lending a zest and a tang when preparing vegetarian dishes such as lima beans, eggplant, and onions, and in omelets, tofu, cheeses or tomato recipes. One must, however, remember to use the sage rather sparingly, because the flavor and the aroma can very easily overtake and overwhelm the actual taste of the foods being cooked. Ground garden sage can be added in small quantities to savory biscuits or muffins that can be served with fish or chicken. Even the cooking oil that one uses can be flavored by a few garden sage leaves to the oil. Commercially, sage can be used to flavor and season foods like soups, and sauces, meats, sausages, pickles, fried chicken, candy, cheeses, chewing gum, baked goods, vermouth or ice cream.

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Side effects


Sage is likely safe in amounts typically used in foods. Sage is possibly safe when taken by mouth or applied to the skin in medicinal amounts short-term (up to 4 months).

However, sage is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in high doses or for a long time. Some species of sage, such as common sage (Salvia officinalis), contain a chemical called thujone. Thujone can be poisonous if you get enough. This chemical can cause seizures and damage to the liver and nervous systems. The amount of thujone varies with the species of plant, the time of harvest, growing conditions, and other factors.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Taking sage during pregnancy is likely unsafe because of the possibility of consuming thujone, a chemical found in some sage. Thujone can bring on a woman’s menstrual period, and this could cause a miscarriage. Avoid sage if you are breast-feeding, too. There is some evidence that thujone might reduce the mother’s milk supply.

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Sage (Salvia Officinalis) plant


Diabetes: Sage might lower blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use sage. The dose of your diabetes medications may need to be adjusted by your healthcare provider.

Hormone-sensitive condition such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Spanish sage (Salvia lavandulaefolia) might have the same effects as the female hormone estrogen. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, don’t use Spanish sage.

High blood pressure, low blood pressure: Spanish sage (Salvia lavandulaefolia) might increase blood pressure in some people with high blood pressure, while common sage (Salvia officinalis) might lower blood pressure in people with blood pressure that is already low. Be sure to monitor your blood pressure.

Seizure disorders: One species of sage (Salvia officinalis) contains significant amounts of thujone, a chemical that can trigger seizures. If you have a seizure disorder, don’t take sage in amounts higher than those typically found in food.

Surgery: Common sage might affect blood sugar levels. There is a concern that it might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop using common sage as a medicine at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.