Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Overview

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) other names: Blue Flag, Daggers, Flag, Flaggon, Flag Lily, Fliggers, Florentine Iris, Gladyne, Iris, Iris d’Allemagne, Iris de Florence, Iris florentina, Iris germanica, Iris des Jardins, Iris junonia, Iris pallida, Jacob's Sword, Lirio Azul, Liver Lily, Myrtle Flower, Poison Flag, Rhizoma iridis, Segg, Sheggs, Snake Lily, Water Flag, White Dragon Flower, Wild Iris, Yellow Flag, Yellow Iris.

The term orris root is used to denote the roots of a number of species, including Iris germanica, Iris pallida and Iris florentina. They have a very sweet fragrance, which is more distinct in some bearded irises compared to others. The aroma of the flowers of a particular species known as Iris pallida, is considered to be the best. In fact, it is difficult for one to miss the characteristic fragrance of this flower, which blooms during spring. Just take a sniff of the aroma and you will surely admit that its smell is akin to that of grape soda.

The flowers of Iris pallida measure about four inches in diameter and appear in the later part of spring. Every branched stem of Iris pallida bears anything between two and six attractive pale bluish-purple blooms.

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Orris (Iris Pallida) flower

Native to Croatia, Iris pallida is not only popular for the typical fragrance of its flowers. Gardeners look for this plant as well as grow it for its wonderful multi-colored foliage, which is equally attractive as its flowers. The Iris pallida normally grows up to a height of two feet and bears clusters of broad and stiff leaves. Clusters of these green and creamy yellow plants may be used to enhance the look of any woodland garden. A white-and-green variety of this plant is also available.

Like in the case of other iris species, there are numerous different ways in which you can use the Iris pallida plants in your garden. You can plant them with different bulbs with a view to create a vibrant, multicolored spring show. In fact, these plants accentuate the beauty of any perennial bed. The foliage alone of Iris pallida is so attractive that it enhances the eminence of the plants in your garden. The Iris pallida grow up to a moderate height and this makes it possible to grow them in pots and place them in appropriate locations to attract attention as well as augment the beauty of the place.

As it is not difficult to grow Iris pallida, it is possible to plant this species anywhere you wish to and enjoy their beauty perpetually. You only need to provide these plants with some nourishment during the flowering season and shade during the midday to ensure that they readily multiply their clumps. Among all varieties of bearded irises, this species is considered to be the hardiest plant. In fact, when grown in places having mild climatic conditions, the foliage of Iris pallida will remain almost throughout the year. Moreover, deer do not browse on this species, even if they do, the plants have the aptitude to resist the invasion. The Iris pallida also provide us aromatic cut flowers making them one of the most favoured bearded iris varieties.

This iris species is also called Dalmatian iris for the reason that it is indigenous to Croatia’s Dalmatia province, where it has been cultivated for several centuries. In fact, Iris pallida is a forerunner of the present-day bearded irises. Occasionally, people cultivate this species as an orris source, which is obtained from the plant’s rhizomes and used in the manufacture of perfumes and also breath fresheners.

Many botanists are of the view that although people cultivated Iris pallida since much before 1600, the species was named officially only in 1789. Iris pallida is a favourite of several gardeners owing to its endurance power and aroma. Iris pallida has broad bluish-green foliage that resembles a sword. Although the firm spikes of Iris pallida are poorly branched, each of them bears as many as eight lavender-blue aromatic blooms. It is easy to distinguish Iris pallida, as its flowers are papery and its large and colourful bracts (spathes) often cover the buds having yellowish beards. This species keeps growing in beautiful clumps, which do not divide for several months together.

Iris pallida is mainly cultivated for the essential oil contained in its roots, particularly in Italy. The flowers of Iris pallida have a sweet aroma that will possibly remind you of orange blossoms. Some people also compare the aroma of Iris pallida flowers to that of vanilla, grape or civet. This is a very vigorously growing species. The rhizome of Iris pallida should be placed slightly above the level of the soil. Plants belonging to this genus are seldom, if ever, disturbed by rabbits or browsing deer.

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Health Benefits

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Orris Root (Iris Pallida) plant

Iris pallida is a plant. The root is used to make medicine. Iris pallida root is generally used in combination with other herbs and can be found in homeopathic dilutions and tea preparations.

Iris pallida root is used for “blood-purifying,” “gland-stimulating,” increasing kidney activity, stimulating appetite and digestion, and increasing bile flow. Iris pallida root is also used for headache, toothache, muscle and joint pain, migraine, constipation, bloating, diabetes, and skin diseases.

Some people use Iris pallida root to treat bronchitis, colds, cancer, back pain caused by the sciatic nerve (sciatica), and swelling (inflammation) of the spleen. Iris pallida root is also used to cause vomiting, empty the bowels, and promote calmness.

Iris pallida root is sometimes applied directly to the affected area for bad breath, nasal polyps, teething, tumors, scars, muscle and joint pain, burns, and cuts.

Iris pallida root has numerous uses and supplies Orris powder, which has a high demand in perfumery industry. The dried up roots of the Iris pallida are pulverized to obtain Orris, whose aroma is akin to that of violets. In addition to being used in the form of a fixative in perfumes as well as potpourri, Iris pallida root is also used in the manufacture of breath fresheners, toothpastes and similar products. Iris pallida is also widely used in the form of a food essence.

It may take several years for Iris pallida roots to dry properly so as to develop the right fragrance. The flavour of the fresh root of Iris pallida is acrid and Iris pallida root is almost fragrance-free. The fresh Iris pallida roots yield an essential oil and Iris pallida root can be used for the same purposes for which the dried roots are used. The Iris pallida root also yields a black dye, while the flowers yield a blue dye. Besides growing the plants for its attractive, aromatic flowers and its roots, you may also cultivate Iris pallida for ground cover. The roots of Iris pallida are so densely matted that they do not allow any weed to grow.

Occasionally, the juice extracted from Iris pallida roots is employed in the form of a cosmetic and it also helps to get rid of freckles on the skin. The juice obtained from the fresh Iris pallida roots is a potent cleanser and can be used effectively for treating dropsy (a condition that was earlier known as edema).

The dried Iris pallida roots can be pounded into a powder and used to flavour foods. In fact, the fresh Iris pallida root is almost neutral and does not have any fragrance. It generally takes many years for the dried Iris pallida roots to develop their characteristic fragrance. The dried roots of Iris pallida yield an essential oil called the “Orris oil”, which is used to add essence to sweets, soft drinks, chewing gums and other food products.

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Side effects

Orris Root (Iris Pallida) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Orris Root (Iris Pallida) image
Iris pallida seems to be safe for most people when taken by mouth. There are no known side effects if the root of Iris pallida is carefully peeled and dried. However, the fresh plant juice or root can cause severe irritation of the mouth, stomach pain, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea.

There isn’t enough information to know if Iris pallida might be safe when applied directly to the skin. However, the fresh plant juice or root can cause severe skin irritation.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of Iris pallida during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Overview

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) other names : Brazilian Grapetree , Jaboticaba , Jabuticaba , Ybapuru.

Jaboticaba (botanical name Myrciaria cauliflora) is a purple-black fruit that appears in plum-sized bunches directly around the main branches and the stem of the tree. The appearance of jaboticaba fruits is similar to that of grapes and they also taste like grapes. The fruits of jaboticaba have a sweet flavour with an appealing sub-acid relish. However, compared to grapes, the skin of jaboticaba is tougher and this helps in handling as well as storing them effectively.

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) plant

The leaves of jaboticaba trees are very simple, and appear opposite to each other on the branch. Each leaf measures anything between 1 inch to 4 inches in length and 0.5 inch to 0.75 inches wide and its shape may vary from lanceolate to elliptical. These trees produce flowers that are small, cauliflorous, staminous and their color may vary from white to almost white. When we say that the flowers are cauliflorous it denotes that they appear directly on the bark or from beneath the bark the length of the trunk, branches and limbs. Jaboticaba trees blossom a number of times every year, mostly towards the end of winter and spring.

The jaboticaba fruit is basically a berry. Unlike several other fruit-bearing trees in the tropical regions, this plant does not produce fruits on new growths. The grape-like, spherical fruits are either produced singly or in compact clusters on the trees and branches right from the ground upwards. The unripe jaboticaba fruits are green hued and their color changes to deep maroon-purple to nearly black when they are fully mature. The fruits of jaboticaba develop very rapidly, usually within 20 days to 25 days from the flower becoming completely mature.

Usually, these berry-like fruits measure about 1 inch across, but may also vary between 1/2 inch and 1 1/4 inches in diameter. These edible berries enclose a whitish, jellylike pulp with one to five ovoid flattened seeds. The fruits of jaboticaba have a resinous quality, which many find delectable, while there are others who say that it is unpleasant. The skin of jaboticaba berries has a somewhat turpentine essence and are often compared to Muscadine grape, which are also thick-skinned. The jaboticaba fruit can be consumed fresh out of the hand, or used to prepare jellies and jams. Some people also use the jaboticaba berries to make wine.

After the jaboticaba fruits are picked, their flavour is similar to guava on the first day. On the second day, the flavour changes and it is more like mangosteen. The fruit’s flavour is similar to that of lychee on the third day, like passion fruit on the fourth day, similar to a sweetsop fruit on the fifth day and it tastes like a grape fruit between the sixth day and eighth day. However, the jaboticaba fruit tastes best on the ninth day after picking. The jaboticaba fruit becomes completely ripe and tastes sweet, while its aroma is also pleasing.

The original habitat of jaboticaba is in the coastal hilly regions and forests in southern Brazil. In addition, this species is also found in neighbouring countries like Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and the northern regions of Argentina. When grown in conditions prevailing in the native habitat of the species, jaboticaba trees remain inundated for many weeks quite often, but this does not cause any harm to the trees. Consequently, jaboticaba trees are said to be water tolerant. Over the years, jaboticaba has been naturalized in South Florida, where it grows as well as produces copious amounts of fruits. While jaboticaba has an excellent potential for being grown in the form of a dooryard crop, these trees are seldom found in gardens in Florida.

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) fruit

Jaboticaba can be described as a very big shrub or an undersized evergreen tree. Normally, jaboticaba trees have a single trunk and its branches are quite near the ground. Nevertheless, sometimes you can also find jaboticaba trees having multiple trunks. These trees have numerous branches that grow in an upward angle and they usually form a thick, vase-like or rounded, balanced crown. The bark of jaboticaba tree has a reddish brown color and when it is removed, it exposes the smooth, multi-hued inner bark, whose color may vary from cream to grey. The inner bark of jaboticaba is akin to that of guava.

Usually, jaboticaba trees are propagated from their seeds. It takes roughly 30 days for the jaboticaba seeds to germinate. Alternatively, jaboticaba trees may also be successfully propagated from air-layering as well as rooted cuttings.

Read moreBatuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Health Benefits

The jaboticaba contains elevated levels of antioxidants and phenolic compounds. As most of us are aware, free radicals released due to cellular metabolism in our body cause oxidative stress to the cells and it is primarily responsible for premature ageing as well as several serious health conditions, including various forms of cancer. Antioxidants are effective in neutralizing the free radicals and also put off any damage to the cells. Currently, various studies are underway to examine the antioxidant attributes of jaboticaba.

Since jaboticaba is a very potent antioxidant, consumption of this fruit helps to put off premature aging and also in thwarting the emergence of age-related signs such as dark spots, fine lines and wrinkles. This exotic fruit contains vital nutrients, particularly in the peel. In fact, it has been found that the peel of jaboticaba is highly beneficial for our skin. Findings of several studies have shown that the jaboticaba fruit is useful in invigorating as well as keeping the skin hydrated. At the same time, regular consumption of jaboticaba promotes collagen production. Collagen is important for augmenting the suppleness and elasticity of the skin. The jellylike pulp of jaboticaba encloses vitamin B3 (also referred to as niacin), which sustains enzymes that encourage cell growth. 

In addition, the jaboticaba fruit also possesses anti-microbial and detoxifying properties. As a result, jaboticaba is often used for treating acne. Aside these, jaboticaba fruits are also used for preparing skin care formulations that are applied topically. You can blend jaboticaba pulp and oatmeal and add honey to the mixture to prepare an effective home-made facial scrub.

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) flower

The various nutrients present in jaboticaba help to encourage a healthy as well as lustrous hair growth. At the same time, they help in putting off hair loss. A variety of formulations prepared with jaboticaba extract for hair care are commercially available in the market these days.

As jaboticaba is low in calories and fat content, jaboticaba is an excellent food for including in the diet of people aspiring to lose surplus weight. In addition, the peel of the fruit contains loads of dietary fiber, which not only regulates the appetite, but also stops one from eating excessively. Jaboticaba helps to prevent craving for food by making one feel fuller for a prolonged period.

These days, jaboticaba is a popular food owing to its potent antioxidant effects. The antioxidant effects of this fruit are attributed to the presence of phenolic compounds such as anthocyanins and several others. Anthocyanins not only serve as powerful antioxidants, but also contain anti-inflammatory as well as anti-carcinogenic attributes. These antioxidants are useful in neutralizing the detrimental free radicals, which cause cell damage, in addition to DNA mutations.

It has been found that jaboticaba also possesses potent astringent properties. Consumption of the jaboticaba fruit on a regular basis helps to clear the bronchial airways and, therefore, jaboticaba is considered to be an excellent remedy for respiratory conditions like asthma. Apart from this, the astringent action of the jaboticaba fruit also makes it useful for curing diarrhea as well as inflamed tonsillitis.

Jaboticaba contains high levels of dietary fiber. As a result, consumption of the jaboticaba fruit helps in normalizing bowel movements, thereby preventing constipation. Other nutrients contained by the jaboticaba fruit facilitate digestion, while detoxifying and cleansing the intestines.

Findings of a number of studies undertaken on mice have shown that the peel of jaboticaba is useful in bringing down the elevated levels of glucose in the bloodstream and, therefore, they suggest that consuming the jaboticaba fruit on a regular basis will help in putting off type 2 diabetes. As the calorie content of jaboticaba is low and it encloses lots of dietary fiber, jaboticaba is always beneficial as well as healthy to include this fruit in the diet of people suffering from diabetes. Studies undertaken on animals have also found that the jaboticaba peel possesses anti-obesity properties and, hence, jaboticaba beneficial for those struggling to lose weight.

Jaboticaba contains rich amounts of essential minerals like calcium, magnesium and potassium, which makes the jaboticaba fruit highly beneficial for the health of our teeth and bones. Aside from strengthening our bones, these minerals help to put off conditions such as osteoporosis.

Owing to its potent anti-inflammatory attributes, jaboticaba is effective in alleviating the symptoms associated with arthritis as well as relieving other conditions related to inflammation.

Jaboticaba (Myrciaria Cauliflora) Side effects

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Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) other names : Batuan , Batwan.

Batuan trees are native to the south eastern region of Asia and, on average they grow up to a height of about 25 meters. Belonging to the family Clusiaceae, these trees are found copiously in forests that are located in low altitudes, mostly in Vietnam and the Philippines. Since the fruit of batuan has an extremely sour taste, they are usually used in the form of a souring agent by the natives in their food recipes.

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) picture

In fact, batuan trees are closely related to mangosteen. These batuan trees are classified in the sub-globose fruits category. The seed pods of batuan trees contain multicoloured sections that enclose numerous sour flavoured seeds. Batuan trees produce oblong or ovate shaped leaves, which are roughly 15 cm in length. They are rounded on either end, but medium sized. The leaves of batuan trees are glossy and smooth. The red flowers of batuan trees are small and appear in clusters on pendulous branches. The fruits of batuan , whose external skin is firm, contain copious number of seeds and have an extremely acidic pulp. These fruits are small and rounded, measuring roughly 4 cm in diameter. The bark of batuan trees has a black color.

Considering the fact that batuan trees are logged for the purpose of shifting agriculture, the population of batuan trees growing in the wild is reducing very rapidly. Having said this, it is very important to initiate measures to protect this plant species from becoming extinct. This can be achieved by planting more batuan trees. Batuan trees are dioecious and, hence, one cannot determine their sex just by seeing them during their planting.

According to sources, traditionally eating the fruits of binucao is considered to be a healthy practice. Moreover, it is rather difficult to propagate plant of this genus from their seeds as the seeds of most species belonging to this genus are very sluggish in developing roots, even when they are sown fresh. Usually, it takes six months or maybe be even longer for the seeds to germinate and take root.

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Health Benefits

Although you can eat ripe batuan fruits raw, you should bear in mind that they are extremely acidic. Similar to any fruit of other Garcinia variety, for instance kokum (which is found on abundance of India’s western coast) or Garcinia pedunculata, you can also preserve batuan after cutting the fruit into slender pieces and subsequently drying them in sunlight. In India’s Assam province, Bodos cook the unripe batuan fruit in the form of a vegetable along with fish. They also prepare chutney by boiling batuan fruit. People in Assam use the dried out and preserved batuan slices with black green pulses to prepare a very popular, but somewhat acidic curry.

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) tree

The dried batuan fruits are an effective traditional herbal remedy for dysentery. In Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medicine system, batuan fruits are employed for treating a number of conditions, including dysentery and gastritis. In addition, it is claimed that batuan possesses anti-inflammatory properties. When the bark of batuan trees is cut it gives out a yellowish resin known as gamboge, which has several uses. This resin is used in foods, medicine and paints. Moreover, this resin can also be used in the form of a rootstock for Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen).

It is said that consuming fresh batuan fruits helps to lower blood pressure and, hence, they are useful for people with hypertension. The resin or gamboge exuded from batuan is applied to the skin to heal irritated skin.

In Ayurvedic medicine, the yellow resin exuded by batuan plant is dried out and marketed under the label Gamboge or Kokum. When taken in doses of anything between 10 cgm and 15 cgm, gamboge works as a laxative. However, when this latex is used in higher doses such as 30 cgm to 50 cgm, it produces profuse evacuation accompanied by fierce colicky pains. Moreover, when used in extremely high doses, gamboge works as a potent poison. Gamboge is often used in the form of a hydragogue cathartic to drain out fluid constituents from the blood, much in the same way as in asthma, dropsy, as well as cerebral and pulmonary congestion. This resin is also employed as a vermifuge to expel various parasites and worms from the intestines. Gamboge is seldom used independently, but always administered with some other herbs, such as aloe vera, calomel, rhubarb, jalap and others.

In the Malabar, Canara, Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) and Singapore, people employ the following method to extract gamboge from batuan. At the onset of monsoon (the rainy season in the tropics and sub-tropical regions), people make a spiral incision in the bark encircling roughly half of the trees’ trunk. Then they insert a bamboo piece at the place where they want to collect the milky juice, which exudes slowly from the cut over many months. After some time, the juice turns viscid and subsequently becomes solid when it is exposed to the air. On average, one batuan tree yields resin that is sufficient to fill at least three inter-nodal sections of the bamboo - each segment measures roughly 50 cm in length and anything between 3 cm and 5 cm across.

People where these trees grow naturally use batuan, a common food item, in several local recipes mainly for its acidic as well as sour flavour. In fact batuan is mostly found on the islands of Negros. Batuan is also found in Panay, a nearby island. Having a shape similar to tomatoes, batuan is a green colored, hard fruit. In the rainforests in Negros, the fruit of batuan is found growing abundantly in the wild.

Unripe batuan is cooked along with fish and pork as a souring agent. Batuan is also used in soups, for instance tinola and sinigang soups. On the other hand, the ripe fruit can be consumed raw from hand, but it has a very acidic flavour. People also preserve the batuan fruits in the form of jams after drying. They can also be pickled. In the Negros as well as in some places in Panay, you can find batuan fruits in the local markets. Nevertheless, the natural habitat of batuan trees, which bear these fruits, is declining very rapidly owing to deforestation by the locals.

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) fruit

Moreover, these days, people are not very inclined to cook this typical food at home because the cooking as well as eating habits of people in the Philippines have become very westernized. Gradually, they are moving away from their traditional recipes, which are rapidly losing popularity.

It is worth mentioning here that batuan was identified as one of the 300 species of fruit-bearing trees that either have immense commercial importance or having the potential to become economically important. According to sources, batuan is severely under-utilized despite the fact that it is a valuable fruit tree that can be grown in home gardens. Similar to any fruit of the Garcinia varieties, one can also preserve batuan, the fruit borne by binucao trees, by slicing them into slender pieces and subsequently drying them in the sun. These batuan fruits are also useful for making jams and pickles, in addition to eating them raw.

Batuan (Garcinia Binucao) Side effects

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Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Overview

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Other Names: Arbol Del Pan, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Baramil, Bo Luo Mi, Cakki, Chakka, Derakhte Nan, Falso Albero Del Pane, Fenesi, Finesy, Fruta Del Pobre, Halasina Hannu, Halasu, Indischer Brotfruchtbaum, Jaca, Jack, Jackfrucht, Jackfrugttrae, Jackfrukt, Jacktrad, Jacquier, Jak, Jaka, Jaqueira, Jaqueiro, Katahal, Kathal, Kanthal, Keledang, Khanun, Khnor, Konthal, Konto Phol, Kontok Phol, Kontoki, Kontoki Phol, Kos, Langka, Maak Laang, Mai Mi, Mak Mi, Makmee, Mu Bo Luo, Nagami Pannoki, Nangka, Palaa, Palavu, Panasa, Panasah, Panasam, Panasero, Paramitsu, Phanas, Phannasa, Pholkontok, Rukh Kutaherr, Shu Bo Luo.

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) picture

The jackfruit tree is known by several other names, such as jakfruit, jack tree or at times just as jack or jak. The jackfruit tree is a species belonging to the Artocarpus genus, which is a member of Moraceae or the mulberry family. This plant species has its origin in south as well as Southeast Asia, especially in the rain forests of southwest India, which presently comprise the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra. In fact, this species is best suited to the climatic conditions prevailing in tropical lowlands. The fruit of jackfruit tree is considered to be the largest fruit borne by any tree. Some jackfruits may weigh as much as 35 kg (80 pounds) and measure 90 cm (35 inches) long and 60 cm (20 inches) across.

In the tropical areas of south and Southeast Asia, which include India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Cambodia, the jackfruit tree is not only cultivated extensively, but its fruit is very popular. Currently, jackfruit tree is also grown in other tropical regions of the globe. The jackfruit tree is found all over Africa, for instance in Mauritius, Madagascar, Cameroon, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, as well as Príncipe and São Tomé. In addition, this species is also found growing across Brazil, the Caribbean nations like Jamaica, and west-central regions of Mexico. In fact, Bangladesh has declared jackfruit as its national fruit.

The flavour of ripe jackfruit is very sweet. Jackfruit is also very tasty. After you open a ripened jackfruit, you will see pods that have a bright yellow hue. When the jackfruit fruit is unripe, its color is green and can be used as a delectable vegetable to prepare various dishes.

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Health Benefits

Jackfruit is a tree. People eat the fruit and seeds of jackfruit tree as food or as medicine.

Aside its use as a vegetable when raw and a tasty, sweet fruit when ripened, jackfruit also has several therapeutic uses. The root of the jackfruit tree is known to be useful for treating a range of skin disorders. Since jackfruit is an outstanding source of natural vitamin C, consumption of this jackfruit fruit helps to protect us against bacterial and viral infections. In addition, vitamin C is also useful for reinforcing our immune system by supporting the functioning of leukocytes (white blood cells). Consuming a cup of jackfruit can help to provide our body with a considerable amount of this potent antioxidant.

Jackfruit is taken by mouth as an aphrodisiac or for diabetes.

Jackfruit paste is applied to the skin for poisonous bites.

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) fruit

Apart from its vitamin C content, jackfruit also contains rich amounts of a number of phytonutrients including isoflavones, aslignans and saponins, which are known to possess anti-carcinogenic as well as anti-aging properties. All the phytonutrients mentioned here may be useful in eliminating the detrimental free radicals from the body. Free radicals are responsible for several ailments, including cancer. These phytonutrients also inhibit cell degeneration, thereby protecting us from various degenerative diseases.

In addition to the therapeutic properties of jackfruit discussed above, it is also known to possess anti-ulcer properties. Therefore, consuming this jackfruit may help in treating ulcers as well as different problems related to the digestive system. Moreover, jackfruit contains elevated amounts of dietary fiber, which helps to prevent constipation, while ensuring smooth and healthy bowel movements. The dietary fiber present in jackfruit also protects us from colon mucous membrane by means of eliminating all carcinogenic substances from the colon (large intestine).

Jackfruit also contains sufficient amounts of vitamin A, a potent nutrient that is said to be good for the health of our skin and eyes. Vitamin A is also useful in putting off problems related to vision, for instance night blindness and macular degeneration.

It is said that consumption of jackfruit provides us with plenty of energy, as jackfruit contains simple sugars such as fructose and sucrose. These simple sugars boost our energy levels almost instantly. While jackfruit is very rich in energy boosting substances, Jackfruit does not enclose cholesterol or any saturated fats. Hence, Jackfruit is a healthy fruit that most people can enjoy.

Jackfruit also contains the essential mineral potassium, which is useful in lowering high blood pressure, thereby lessening the chances of suffering a heart attack and stroke. Hence, jackfruit consumption may prove to be beneficial for people with hypertension.

It has been found that the root of jackfruit tree is beneficial for people suffering from asthma. To treat this condition, you need to boil the jackfruit root and drink it. Alternatively, you may also use the extract of jackfruit root orally to treat asthma.

Jackfruit also contains adequate amounts of magnesium. This essential mineral is vital for absorbing calcium. Magnesium also works with calcium to make the bones stronger, thereby preventing disorders related to bones, for instance osteoporosis.

The iron content in jackfruit helps to prevent conditions like anemia, while improving the blood flow throughout our body. This jackfruit fruit also contains copper, which is known to play a vital role in thyroid metabolism. This mineral is especially useful in promoting hormone production as well as their absorption by the body. In fact, jackfruit contains loads of this micro nutrient.

As discussed earlier, it has been found that the root of jackfruit tree is effective in treating asthma. In order to control asthma, you need to boil the root to extract the elevated nutrients contained by it and drink the solution. In addition, the root extract of jackfruit tree is also beneficial for the health of our skin, as it is effective in treating various skin disorders. Moreover, this root extract of jackfruit is also said to help in curing fever and diarrhea.

The leaves, latex, root and even the seeds of jackfruit tree offer various health benefits, which are discussed briefly below.

Latex: Roughly all parts of the jackfruit tree yield white, sticky latex when they are injured. The latex of jackfruit tree can be mixed with vinegar to cure glandular swelling, abscesses and even snake bites.

Leaves: The leaves of jackfruit tree can be used to prepare an herbal tea. Drinking this tea can cure fever as well as treat boils and various skin diseases. In addition, you can heat the leaves of jackfruit tree and apply them directly onto any wound to get rapid relief.

Seeds: Sometimes the roasted seeds of ripe jackfruit are used in the form of an aphrodisiac.

Root: The extract of jackfruit tree root is useful for treating a number of health conditions. It is effective for curing fever, skin disorders and diarrhea. In addition the root of this tree is an excellent remedy of those enduring asthma.

Also, the wood of the jackfruit tree is used to make furniture or musical instruments.

Jackfruit has extensive use in the cuisines of South as well as Southeast Asian nations.

Ripened jackfruit is not only succulent, but also sweet and has a delicate flavour. Apart from consuming ripe jackfruit raw, jackfruit can also be used to prepare various dishes like cakes, and custards. In Indonesia people blend ripe jackfruit with shaved ice to prepare a dish called es teler, while people in the Philippines prepare halo-halo with the ripened fruit. Similarly, in India, an ice cream chain store named "Naturals" sells jackfruit flavoured ice creams when it is season for the fruit to ripen.

Sometimes the arils of ripe jackfruit are fried or freeze-dried. Apart from being seeded, they are also dried out and sold in the form of jackfruit chips.

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Overview, Health Benefits, Side effects
Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) tree

Even the seeds of ripened jackfruits are edible and can be consumed in various ways. Their flavour is sweet and milky. You can consume the jackfruit seeds after boiling, baking or roasting them. The flavour of roasted jackfruit seeds can be compared to that of chestnuts. You can boil or roast the jackfruit seeds and consume them as snacks. Alternatively, you may also use them to prepare desserts. In south India, people prepare a conventional breakfast dish with jackfruit seeds. They use the jackfruit fruit along with rice to make a dish locally known as idlis. They also make use of the jackfruit tree leaves to wrap the ingredients for steaming. In fact, they sometimes also prepare jackfruit dosas, another traditional dish, by grinding the flesh of jackfruit together with the batter.

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) Side effects

It isn't known if jackfruit is safe when taken as a medicine. Jackfruit extract might cause drowsiness.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of jackfruit during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Allergy to birch pollen: Some people who are allergic to birch pollen might also be allergic to jackfruit. People who are allergic to birch pollen should use jackfruit cautiously. 

Diabetes: Jackfruit might lower blood sugar levels. There is a concern that jackfruit might affect blood sugar control in people with diabetes. The dose of diabetes medication might need to be changed.

Surgery: Jackfruit might cause too much drowsiness if combined with medications used during and after surgery. Stop taking jackfruit at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.